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Results for Cham:

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CATEGORY: language
DEFINITION: A linguistic and ethnic group of the Austronesian family which once controlled the central coast of modern Vietnam as the state of Champa.
chamber pot
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A bowl kept in a bedroom and used as a toilet
chamber tomb
CATEGORY: structure
DEFINITION: A prehistoric tomb, often megalithic in construction, that contained a large burial chamber. Such a vault was usually used for successive burials over a long period of time. The term is also used for a rock-cut tomb, especially the shaft-and-chamber tomb, with a similar burial rite. Chamber tombs were built in many parts of the world and at many different times. The European varieties were called court cairn, dolmen, entrance grave, gallery grave, giants' grave, hunebed, passage grave, portal dolmen, tholos, transepted gallery grave, and wedge-shaped gallery grave. Many were rectangular chambers cut into the side of a hill and approached by a long entrance passage (dromos), especially in the Aegean.
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A single candle holder with a curved handle coming from the base
Champ Durand
DEFINITION: A Neolithic fortification in Vendée, France and associated material of the Late Neolithic, including Peu-Richardien decorated pottery of c 3300-3000 BC.
CATEGORY: culture
DEFINITION: An ancient kingdom formed in 192 AD, during the breakup of the Han dynasty of China, corresponding roughly to present central Vietnam. Although the territory was at first inhabited mainly by wild tribes which struggled with the Chinese colonies in Tonkin, it gradually came under Indian cultural influence. Champa artifacts include well-developed sculpture and reliefs from the 7th century and impressive architecture from the 9th century. The kingdom was slowly absorbed into Vietnam and by the end of the 17th century had ceased to exist.
CATEGORY: artifact; ceramics
DEFINITION: An enameling technique or an object made by the process, a form of inlay in which the pattern is cut out of the metal to be ornamented. The pattern was then filled with enamel frit and fused in an oven, or with polished stones or shells. Champlevé can be distinguished from the similar technique of cloisonné by a greater irregularity in the width of the metal lines. It developed as a Celtic art in western Europe in the Roman period and was copied by the Anglo-Saxons. In the Rhine River valley and in Belgium's Meuse River valley, champlevé production flourished especially during the late 11th and 12th centuries. It was often used in the decoration of the escutcheons on hanging bowls.
Champollion, Jean-François (1778-1867)
CATEGORY: person
DEFINITION: French historian and linguist who founded scientific Egyptology and played a major role in the deciphering of Egyptian hieroglyphics by deciphering the Rosetta Stone. A masterful linguist, Champollion started publishing papers on the hieroglyphic and hieratic elements of the Rosetta Stone in 1821-1822, and he went on to establish an entire list of hieroglyphic signs and their Greek equivalents. He was first to recognize that some of the signs were alphabetic, some syllabic, and some determinative (standing for a whole idea or object previously expressed). His brilliant discoveries met with great opposition, however. He became curator of the Egyptian collection at the Louvre, conducted an archaeological expedition to Egypt, and received the chair of Egyptian antiquities, created specially for him, at the Collège de France. He also published an Egyptian grammar and dictionary, as well as other works about Egypt.
cruciform chamber
CATEGORY: structure
DEFINITION: A megalithic tomb, characteristic of the passage-tomb tradition in Ireland, in which a passage, a chamber, and three apses form a cross-shaped structure.
CATEGORY: culture
DEFINITION: An ancient Indochinese kingdom founded in 192 AD in the southern Shandong province, China, and lasting to the 17th century AD. In the past decade, at least ten important Western Han tombs have been excavated in this district, some richly furnished with paintings on silk and lacquers comparable to those from Mawangdui. One tomb contained nearly 5000 inscribed bamboo slips that preserve the texts of a number of late Eastern Chou philosophical works and military treatises, including the Sun Zi bing fa ('Master Sun on the Art of War'). The kingdom later became known as the Indianized kingdom of Champa, which was eventually absorbed by Vietnam.
Moi fort
CATEGORY: structure
DEFINITION: Small circular earthen-walled enclosures set in series along the foothills of the middle Mekong valley in Cambodia. They are considered late Neolithic, c 2500-2000 BC, with polished stone adzes and no metal.
DEFINITION: Preceramic cave site in the central highlands of Peru, a base camp with a date of 11,800 bp. Occupation was highest between 9000-2000 bp.
shaft-and-chamber tomb
CATEGORY: structure
DEFINITION: A tomb in which the burials are laid in a side chamber opening from the bottom of a pit.
DEFINITION: Mesolithic sites in peat deposits of the Kennet Valley in England with dates from c 8000-6000 BC; all seem to contain Maglemosean artifacts.
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: Large wooden coffins which is an important form of burial chamber from late Neolithic times in China. A log or board enclosure contained nested wooden coffins and grave goods placed on display ledges within them. Wooden-chambers diffused to Korea and Japan in the early centuries AD.

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