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Apamea
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: Apameia; Apamea ad Maeandrum
CATEGORY: site
DEFINITION: A city in Hellenistic Phrygia on the Orontes River, partly covered by modern Dinar. Originally a Macedonian colony founded by Antiochus I Soter in the 3rd century BC, it became a Seleucid city superseding Celaenae and commanding the east-west trade route of the Empire. In the 2nd century BC, Apamea passed to Roman rule where it became capital of the Syria Secunda province. It became a great center for Italian and Jewish traders, but it declined by the 3rd century AD and trade was diverted to Constantinople. The Turks captured the town in 1070 and it was devastated by an earthquake in 1152.
drum
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A percussion instrument sounded by being struck with sticks or the hands, typically cylindrical, barrel-shaped, or bowl-shaped with a taut membrane over one or both ends
Halicarnassus
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: Bodrum
CATEGORY: site
DEFINITION: A Greek city on the west coast of Turkey (once Asia Minor), the birthplace of the 5th-century BC historian Herodotus. Formed part of the Delian league, its peak period was as capital city of Mausolus (satrap), who ruled Caria from 377-353 BC. He built walls, public buildings (agora, theater), and the famous Mausoleum (one of the Seven Wonders of Ancient World) as his funerary temple, of which nothing now remains but fragments preserved in the British Museum. Halicarnassus' sack by Alexander The Great in 334 BC is the last major event on record. Virtually all traces of ancient Halicarnassus has now unfortunately disappeared under modern Bodrum. Some sections of the city wall survive, and the site of the mausoleum, the tomb of Mausolus, is known.
kettle drum
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: Dong Son drums
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: Large bronze drums, also known as Dong Son drums (northern Vietnam), first produced more than 2000 years ago and found throughout Southeast Asia (with the exception of the Philippines and the island of Borneo). These drums are generally associated with wealth, power, and fertility and were important in rituals.

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