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Results for Heliopolis:

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SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: Ba'labakk (Arabic), Heliopolis (Greek)
DEFINITION: Important town and agricultural center in Lebanon and the site of the magnificent ruins of a Roman town. First knowledge of Baalbek was the time of the Greek conquest of Syria (332 BC). After the death of Alexander the Great (323 BC), the region fell to the Ptolemaic dynasty of Egypt, under which the town was called Heliopolis, probably after its Egyptian namesake. It achieved importance in late Hellenistic and Roman times, especially as a holy city. Among the ruins are the Temples of Jupiter and Bacchus. In 200 BC, it was taken by the Seleucids' Antiochus the Great and it was a Seleucid possession until the dynasty's fall in 64 BC, when it was again under Roman control. Baalbek has been an Arab city since 637 AD.
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: Tell Hisn, ancient Iunu, On, Baalbek
DEFINITION: An important ancient Egyptian city which was the major cult center of the sun god Re (Ra), just east of Cairo. The oldest obelisk in existence -- that of King Senwosret (Sesostris) I remains on the site. The two obelisks of Thutmose III, called Cleopatra's Needle, are now in London and New York. It was the capital of the 15th nome of Lower Egypt, but was important as a religious rather than a political center. Its great temple of Re, built c 2600 BC during the early Old Kingdom, was second in size only to that of Amon at Thebes. In the New Kingdom, the temple of Re-Horakhte became the repository of royal records.

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