(View exact match)BaradostianCATEGORY: culture
DEFINITION: An Upper Palaeolithic flint industry following the Mousterian in northern Iraq and Iran, with the type site in a cave at Shanidar. It has radiocarbon dates c 30,000 BC and may have begun as early as 36,000 BC. The Baradostian was replaced by a local Upper Palaeolithic industry called the Zarzian (12,000-10,000 BC), probably caused by the extreme cold of the last phase of the Würm glaciation. The Zarzian marks the end of the Iranian Paleolithic sequence that preceded various Mesolithic developments in the Middle East.
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Ghar-i KharSYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: Dopnkey Cave
DEFINITION: Cave site in the mountains of western Iran, occupied from the Middle Palaeolithic onwards. The Upper Palaeolithic industry is similar to the Baradostian at Shanidar Cave. The cave has also yielded a Neolithic level with pottery, probably associated with a food producing community.KhorramabadSYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: Khurramabad
DEFINITION: A valley of the Luristan section of Iran with a series of Middle and Upper Palaeolithic sites (Gar Arjeneh, Ghamari, Kunji, Pa Sangar, Yafteh). There is a sequence of Mousterian, Baradostian, and Zarzian industries that span the Late Pleistocene, similar to Shanidar.ShanidarCATEGORY: site
DEFINITION: A cave in the Zagros mountains of Iraq with a long Palaeolithic cultural sequence including the Mousterian, Baradostian, and Mesolithic. At the base was a Mousterian deposit with several Neanderthal burials (c 60,000-44,000 BP). The Mousterian was followed by a blade industry of Upper Palaeolithic type -- the Baradostian (c 33,000-27,000 BP), and then, after a hiatus, by the Zarzian (c 10,000 BC), a Late Palaeolithic industry with many small tools and some true microliths. By the 9th millennium BC, there is evidence for a shift away from hunting towards the gathering of wild plant foods.