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Cairo
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: Arabic Al-Qahirah
CATEGORY: site
DEFINITION: The capital of modern Egypt, which has more than 400 registered historical monuments - the largest number of any African or Middle Eastern city - dating from 130 AD. The ancient metropolis has stood for more than 1,000 years on the same site. The Pyramids of Giza stand at the southwestern edge of the Cairo metropolis. The Egyptian (National) Museum is in Cairo which specializes in antiquities of the Pharaonic and Greco-Roman periods. It contains more than 100,000 items, including some 1,700 items from the tomb of Tutankhamen, including the solid-gold mask that covered the pharaoh's head. Other treasures include reliefs, sarcophaguses, papyri, funerary art and the contents of various tombs, jewelry, ornaments of all kinds, and other objects.

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