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Lerna
CATEGORY: site
DEFINITION: Long-lived coastal settlement site near Argos in the Peloponnese, southern Greece. Middle and Late Neolithic villages were succeeded by a fortified township of Early Helladic II (c 3000 BC, Early Bronze Age). At this stage it was a fortified township, surrounded by a stone wall with D-shaped bastions. Houses, built of mud-brick on stone foundations, include a building known as the House of Tiles, roofed with stone and terra-cotta tiles - a very early appearance of this roofing technique. Around 2400-2200 BC it burnt down and was rebuilt in Early Helladic III (Middle Bronze Age), when the first pieces of Minyan Ware appear; the radical cultural change suggests the burning was intentional. Scattered imports from Crete assist in the dating. Two rectangular shaft, royal graves contemporary with the Shaft Grave B circle at Mycenae, c 1600 BC (Middle Helladic), were the latest material on the site.

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