(View exact match)LincolnSYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: Roman Lindum
DEFINITION: An important Roman colony in eastern England on the main Roman route north. The site is on the intersection of two principal Roman roads, the Fosse Way and Ermine Street, and shows earlier traces of Iron Age occupation. Roman use was possibly from as early as c 43 AD, and by c 60 a turf and timber fortress was built for the 9th Legion. By about the end of the 1st century, a colonia was established with stone walls and tower defenses. Industrialized pottery production is probable and remains survive, mostly from the 3rd and 4th centuries, of walls, baths, mosaic floors, and a stone sewage system. Evidence for an aqueduct seems to show an uphill gradient, which may imply the use of pumps. Three Roman gateways still exist, including Newport Arch.
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Dales wareCATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: Coarse shell-gritted hand-made cooking pots, probably made near the confluence of the rivers Trent and Humber from the mid 2nd century AD onwards. The fabric is hard and coarse with a smooth but unpolished surface, grey, black, or brown in color. The body of the clay contains small fragments of white shell. Sandy wheel-thrown imitations, Dales-type cooking pots, were made in Lincolnshire, the Humber Basin, and probably around York at the same time.Fosse WayCATEGORY: site
DEFINITION: A Roman road in England, from Devon to Lincoln (southwest to northeast), marking the line originally chosen by the invading Romans as the frontier of the new province before 47 AD. The road was needed to link a line of forts. The line, however, proved unsatisfactory and the frontier was soon pushed northward, leaving Fosse Way to serve as a major cross-country trunk route of the expanded province.Parisian wareCATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A thin, dark grey, highly burnished ware decorated with impressed stamps and found mainly in Yorkshire and Lincolnshire, dating to the late 1st and the 2nd centuries ADStamford wareCATEGORY: ceramics
DEFINITION: An Anglo-Saxon pottery industry centered around Stamford in Lincolnshire, England, that produced fine glazed ceramics in the 9th-13th centuries. The buff wares included characteristic spouted pitchers and jugs which were much in demand in England and were sometimes traded abroad.Torksey-type wareCATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: Type of late Saxon pottery found in central England and dating to the period AD 850 to 1150. Manufactured using a fast wheel at workshops in the area around Torksey, Lincolnshire.legionary wareCATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: Distinctive types of pottery in use by the legions in Britain especially in the mid 1st century AD, when local products were found to be inadequate. These wares were peculiar to each legion and have been identified at Wroxeter, Lincoln, York, and Caerleon, but there has only been one production centre identified, at Holt, Chester, where there was a works depot for tile-making.manorSYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: manorial system, seignorialism, seignorial system
DEFINITION: A political, economic, and social system by which the peasants of medieval Europe were dependent on their land and on their lord. Its basic unit was the manor, a self-sufficient landed estate, or fief, that was under the control of a lord who enjoyed a variety of rights over it and the peasants who were serfs. It was the focus of the feudal societies that developed in western Europe form the 8th-9th centuries. Well-known examples are 10th-12th-century sites of Goltho in Lincolnshire and Sulgrave in Northamptonshire for the Anglo-Norman period, and Wintringham, Lincolnshire, and Hound Tor, Devon, for the later Middle Ages. Houses of feudal lords from the 11th and 12th centuries in northern and western France have been excavated as well as small castles inside fortified villages, as at Rougiers in Provence or in Renaissance villages in Tuscany.ridgewayCATEGORY: feature
DEFINITION: An ancient communications route following the line of an upland ridge. these are tracks along the watersheds from hillfort to hillfort, used by prehistoric man. Often there is no artificially constructed roadway, but some routes became Roman roads or medieval droveways. The dates of the finds extend back beyond the Middle Ages. Important British ridgeways are the Jurassic Way along the limestone ridge from Dorset to Lincolnshire, the Icknield Way in the Chilterns, and the Pilgrims' Way along the North Downs.