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SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: Greek Massalia; Roman Massilia
DEFINITION: City on the coast of southern France, an important Mediterranean port founded in either c 600 or 540 BC according to tradition. Originally it was a colony of Phocaea in western Turkey. By c 535 BC, they were prosperous enough to dedicate a treasury at the sanctuary of Delphi in mainland Greece. Even under Roman rule, the port was fairly independent and maintained its Greek culture. There are remains of Roman docks.

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