SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: Late Iron Age, Lelang CATEGORY: chronology DEFINITION: The protohistoricperiod of the Korean peninsula, c 1-300 AD, which preceded the Three Kingdoms period of Koguryo, Silla, and the Paekche. Archaeological finds of the period are mainly from Lelang and Koguryo in the north and Samhan in the south. Bronze and iron were used and iron made at shell midden sites on the southern coast. In actuality, the Three Kingdoms period was c 57 BC-668 AD.
CATEGORY: site DEFINITION: Shell middensite of the Proto-Three Kingdoms time on the southern Korean coast and the type site for a category of pottery. Stoneware and/or earthenware were made from the 1st-4th centuries AD.
CATEGORY: chronology DEFINITION: Classification of the eras of Korea by archaeologists and historians. The major divisions following the Palaeolithic are: Chulmun, 7000-1000 BC; Bronze Age, 700 BC-0 AD; Iron Age, 400 BC-300 AD; Proto-Three Kingdoms, 0 -300 AD; Three kingdoms, 300-668; United Silla, 668-935; Koryo, 935-1392; Yi, 1392-1910; Japanese Colonial, 1910-1945; Modern, and 1945-present.
CATEGORY: ceramics DEFINITION: A Korean term meaning 'no decoration' for the plain pottery of the peninsula which succeeded Chulmunpottery from c 1500 BC-300 AD. It was the dominant potterytype from the Bronze Age through the Proto-Three Kingdoms period.
CATEGORY: culture DEFINITION: In Korea, the collective name for the Mahan, P'yonhan, and Chinhan protohistoric peoples during the Proto-Three Kingdoms period. Literally, three Han" these people lived in the southern half of the Korean peninsula. Small polities are thought to have risen into the states of PaekcheKaya and Silla from the Samhan."
CATEGORY: ceramics DEFINITION: Unglazed earthenware of the Korean Proto-Three Kingdoms period that was hard-fired and reduced.