(View exact match)SaoCATEGORY: culture
DEFINITION: Industry in Chari Basin, Chad, associated with mound sites and dating to the late 2nd millennium BC.SaouraCATEGORY: site
DEFINITION: In the northwest Sahara, a basin with a long sequence from the Oldowan, Acheulian, and Aterian. Called a wadi or oued, meaning ephemeral stream, the Saoura is the longest wadi, running nearly 600 miles south from the High Atlas to the Saharan interior, where it eventually dies out.Vila Nova de Sao PedroCATEGORY: site
DEFINITION: Important Chalcolithic site near Santarém, Portugal with an unenclosed settlement c 3800 BC, succeeded by one surrounded by at least two bastioned stone walls, c 3200 BC. The first belonged to the Palmella culture and the final phase belonged to Beaker culture, c 2500 BC. Artifacts include copper axes, chisels, and daggers; pottery included Beaker material and local wares of the 3rd millennium BC. Strongly fortified settlements, such as this, accompanied by cemeteries containing rich collections of prestige goods suggest the appearance of a hierarchically organized society.
Display More Results
Les FurtinsCATEGORY: site
DEFINITION: Mousterian cave site in Saone-et-Loire, France, with evidence of a possible cave bear cult.PalmelaCATEGORY: site
DEFINITION: A cemetery of four Copper Age (Chalcolithic) rock-cut tombs in Setúbal, Portugal, near Lisbon. Each has a kidney-shaped chamber, originally used for collective inhumation, entered by a long passage or through a hole in the roof. The cemetery forms the type site of a culture flourishing in central Portugal c 3800-3200 BC. A variety of amuletic objects in stone includes decorated plano-convex or cylindrical stylized human figurines, crescents, model hoes or adzes, and a pair of sandals from Alapraia. Stonework follows Neolithic traditions, but adds deeply concave-based arrowheads. The tombs were rich in Beaker material, including 50 beakers with copper knives and fragments of gold foil. Pottery, too, follows on from the Almeria culture, though foreign elements have been connected with the dark-slipped Urfirnis ware of Greece. There is also a distinctive type of arrowhead with near-circular copper blade and long tang, the Palmela point. The settlements are likely a variant of the Vila Nova de Sao Pedro culture.Rio ClaroCATEGORY: site
DEFINITION: Early stratified site in the highlands of Sao Paulo state, Brazil. The sequence begins with crude choppers dating c 20,000 years ago and ends with large stemmed points c 6000 BC.ZambujalCATEGORY: site
DEFINITION: Village site with megalithic tombs and a Chalcolithic fortress near Lisbon, Portugal. It was a heavily fortified settlement of the Vila Nove De Sao Pedro culture; the walls are up to 10 m in thickness and have circular towers and a circular citadel. The pottery contains much Beaker material and local wares, c 2700-2200 BC.castroCATEGORY: term
DEFINITION: Portuguese term for a fortified site, ranging from the small walled citadels of the Copper Age (e.g. Vila Nova de Sao Pedro) to the hillfort settlements of the Celtic Iron Age.