(View exact match)SatsumonCATEGORY: ceramics; culture
DEFINITION: A type of Haji-like incised-motif pottery made in early Hokkaido and northern Honshu, Japan, from c 4th-14th centuries, and to the culture characterized by this pottery. Satsumon houses are very much like Late Kofun houses. Iron tools were used and cloth was woven. The Satsumon culture is seen as the transformation of a Jomon-type culture, which continued late in northern Japan, as the result of the contacts with Haji-using people to the south. The people are thought to be the ancestors of the historic Ainu.
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DEFINITION: The native people of Hokkaido, Sakhalin, and the Kuril Islands, Japan, who are physically different from their Mongoloid neighbors. They once lived by hunting, trapping, and fishing and also grew buckwheat and numbered about 17,000 in the 1940s. Ainu appear to be descendants of the early Caucasoid peoples who were once spread over northern Asia. They did not undergo the sociocultural changes of the Yayoi and Kofun periods, but remained Epi-Jomon until about the end of the 8th century; it then was transformed into the Satsumon culture. The Ainu were pushed northward over the centuries by the Japanese. Intermarriage and cultural assimilation have made the traditional Ainu almost extinct. Their most important ritual, the Bear Ceremonial, find parallels in Okhutsk ceremonialism.OkhotskCATEGORY: culture
DEFINITION: A late prehistoric deep-sea fishing culture of the coastal areas of northern and eastern Hokkaido, Sakhalin, and the Kurile Islands, Japan. It coexisted with the Satsumon culture from about 800-1300 AD, and then disappeared. The hunter-fishermen also kept pigs and lived in distinctive hexagonal pit houses.