CATEGORY: culture DEFINITION: A Later Stone Age industry and hunting and gathering culture of southern Africa, originally thought contemporary with the Wilton, but technologically different from it, and now referring to a complex between 1300-1700 AD. The culture was on the same level as that of the Mesolithic people of Europe or the modern Kalahari bushmen. The unifying feature of this industry was the almost complete absence of backed microliths and tiny semicircular scrapers.
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: formerly Smithfield A CATEGORY: culture DEFINITION: A non-microlithic Later Stone Age industry of the Oakhurtst complex in interior South Africa, c 12,000-8000 BP. It was contemporary with the Albany industry of Cape Province.
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: Zeekoei Valley CATEGORY: site DEFINITION: River valley in Cape Province, South Africa, with more than 14,000 Stone Age sites. The ceramicsequence dates to the millennium prior to European settlers. There is information about the Stone Age Smithfield hunter-gatherers from this area.