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Absolon, Karel (1887-1960)
CATEGORY: person
DEFINITION: A Czech archaeologists who excavated at Dolni Vestonice, Ondratice, Pekarna, Byci Skala, and other Palaeolithic sites.
Solo
CATEGORY: site
DEFINITION: River in central and eastern Java with Pliocene and Pleistocene remains and stone tools. The levels include the Pucangan, lower-middle Pleistocene c 3-2 million years BC; Kabush, middle Pleistocene c 1.4-0.7 million years BP; Notopuro; and High Solo Gravels (High Terrace) of the upper Pleistocene c 0.5 million years BP (associated with Solo Man).
Solo Man
CATEGORY: culture
DEFINITION: Advanced hominid, Homo erectus soloensis, found at Ngandong and Sambungmacan in the Solo river valley of Java. More archaic than European Neanderthals, it may be later than Peking Man. There were 11 fossil skulls (without facial skeletons) and 2 leg-bone fragments recovered from terraces. Solo man has been thought to date to the Late Pleistocene (c 15,000-20,000 years ago) - but his age remains uncertain. Others believe Solo man is a regional variant of early Homo sapiens populations, also including the Neanderthal peoples of Europe and the Rhodesioid peoples of Africa. The Solo fossils were originally given the genus name Javanthropus.
Solomon (fl. mid-10th century BC)
CATEGORY: person
DEFINITION: King of the united Israel and Judah who reigned c 965-928 BC and built at many sites, including his temple at Jerusalem. He is traditionally regarded as the greatest king of Israel.
Solomon Islands
CATEGORY: site
DEFINITION: Island nation in the center of Melanesia, southwestern Pacific Ocean. The Solomon Islands were initially settled by 2000 BC, probably by people of the Austronesian language group. The first European to reach the islands was the Spanish explorer Alvaro de Mendaña de Neira in 1568; the islands were named after the wealthy king Solomon of the Old Testament. Archaeological sequences are best known from the northern and southern extremities of the chain; the Santa Cruz islands in the south have very fine Lapita assemblages dating to c 1500-500 BC, and the island of Buka in the north has a continuous sequence from late Lapita (c 500 BC) through successive localized ceramic phases (similar to the Mangaasi tradition of Vanuatu) to recent times.

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