SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: Kostenki-Borshchevo CATEGORY: site DEFINITION: Group of 25 Upper Palaeolithic sites on the Don River in Russia. The most important are Kostenki I, XIV, VIII, XII, II, XI, and XVII. The Early Upper Palaeolithic occupations, associated with the remains of horse and other mammals began by 25,000 bp. Other sites dated to c 36,000-26,000 bp with assemblages assigned to the Strelets Culture and Spitsyn Culture. Other layers from c 32,000-26,000 are of the Strelets and Gorodtsov cultures. The industries of 25,000-10,000 bp have mammoth-bone houses, hearths, and some portable art. Skeletons of Cro-Magnon type but mainly immature have been found at sites II, XIV and XV. Kostenki I has produced more of the Venus figurines than any other site in Europe.
CATEGORY: site DEFINITION: Upper Palaeolithicsite near Vladimir, European Russia, occupied c 25,000-20,000 BC. It is by far the most northeastern of the rich Upper Palaeolithic sites of Europe and there is a strong Mousterianelement in the stone artifacts. The skeletons found buried on the site had archaic features such as large brow ridges. The single and double burial are of interest for the numerous beads and other grave goods left with them allowing the reconstruction of clothing details. Radiocarbon dates range from c 25,500-14,600 bp. The artifacts have been compared to the Strelets culture assemblages of Kostenki.