(View exact match)TrierSYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: Augusta Treviroum; Roman Augusta Treverorum; Trèves
DEFINITION: Principal Roman city of northeast Gaul, first the capital of Treveri, a Celto-Germanic tribe. It became the chief city of the Roman province of Belgica in the 2nd century AD and was adopted by Constantius and Constantine in the 4th century AD as an imperial capital. The city's strategic position at a crossroads contributed to its rapid rise as a commercial and administrative center. Remains include an amphitheater (c 100 AD), Constantinian basilica, baths, and Porta Nigra (ornate late Roman gateway). Trier has more preserved Roman monuments than any other German city. A mint was in use from about 296 AD.
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GaulSYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: Gallia
DEFINITION: A Roman province formed by modern-day France and parts of Belgium, western Germany, northern Italy, and Switzerland. Cities were Nimes, Autun, Arles, Orange, Trier, and Frejus. Caesar's conquests (58-51 BC) and Augustus's organization (30 BC-14 AD) resulted in four Gallic provinces: southern or 'senatorial' Narbonensis, the 'imperial' Aquitania, Lugdunensis, and Belgica. The region was inhabited by the ancient Gauls, a Celtic race, who lived in an agricultural society were divided into several tribes ruled by a landed class.centuriationCATEGORY: term
DEFINITION: The practice of dividing up the territory surrounding a new Roman colony to match the city's grid plan of square blocks, normally 2,330 feet (710 m) on a side. The centuriation process was done for land distribution to the settlers and also for inventory. Signs of it were first detected in northern Africa from the 1830s, through surviving crop marks and roads, and have been found, mainly through air photography, in Trier and Homs (Syria) and large areas of northern Italy and Tunisia.claw beakerSYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: elephant's trunk beaker, Rüsselbecher
DEFINITION: Elaborate glass beakers dating from c 500 AD onward in Early Saxon graves and Frankish burials. Also called Rüsselbecher, the beakers have two superimposed rows of hollow, trunklike protrusions curving down to rejoin the wall of the vessel above a small button foot. In form they are similar to free-standing conical beakers, but they are embellished by a series of unusual clawlike protrusions. In many cases the glass is tinted brown, blue, or yellow. The beakers were probably made in Cologne or Trier, Germany.