(View exact match)amateurCATEGORY: term
DEFINITION: A person actively interested in archaeology but who has not received advanced academic training in the field; also those who have studied but do not pursue work in the field.
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Sautuola, Marcellino Sanz de (1831-1888)CATEGORY: person
DEFINITION: Spanish amateur geologist and archaeologist who excavated Altamira Cave, near Santillana, in northern Spain, which contains the earliest known (c 13,000-20,000 BC) examples of Stone Age painting. The colored ceiling paintings in a side cavern, which came to be regarded as the "Sistine Chapel of Prehistory" were the most spectacular. Sautuola had accurate drawings of the paintings prepared and published a book in 1880. He was unable to persuade scholars of the paintings' authenticity and died dishonored and bitter. Not until other similar paintings had been found in southwestern France (1895-1901) was Sautuola's contribution finally vindicated.Siret, Henri (1857-1933) and Siret, Louis (1860-1934)CATEGORY: person
DEFINITION: Belgian amateur archaeologists who worked in the Almeria region of Spain and uncovered Chalcolithic and Bronze Age cultures at such sites as Los Millares, El Argar, and Tabernas.Stephens, John Lloyd (1852-1905)CATEGORY: person
DEFINITION: American explorer and amateur archaeologist who visited the abandoned Maya Lowlands centers with Frederick Catherwood. His documentation was published in books which became bestsellers and did much to arouse popular interest in what was then an almost unknown civilization. The drawings by Catherwood set a new standard of scientific accuracy.Winckelmann, Johann Joachim (1717-1768)CATEGORY: person
DEFINITION: German scholar who was an early contributor to the development of archaeology and art history. His work on the art recovered from Herculaneum and Pompeii was a move towards a study of artifacts as historical documents. His History of the Art of Antiquity" (1763-1764) covering Classical sculpture and the art of Egypt and Etruria. It was the basis for stylistic development. Winckelmann's visits to Pompeii and Herculaneum led to his "open letters exposing amateur treasure seekers and encouraging archaeology to become more professional and competent. In Germany, Winckelmann is regarded as the founder of classical archaeology.antiquarianSYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: antiquary; antiquarianism
DEFINITION: An amateur interested in ancient artifacts who studies or collects objects of antiquity. The term also refers to amateurs who dig up artifacts unscientifically. Antiquarianism is the study of the ancient past and its customs and the relics of the ancient past.scavengingCATEGORY: term
DEFINITION: The nonscientific or amateur removal of archaeological materials from a site by later inhabitants or visitors to a site.