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Rawlinson, General Sir Henry Creswicke (1810-1895)
CATEGORY: person
DEFINITION: A British diplomat who was one of a group of scholars whose work on the trilingual inscription at Behistun (Iran) was instrumental in the decipherment of the cuneiform (leading to the decipherment of Old Persian and Akkadian) languages of western Asia. He copied the Behistun inscription, deciphered it, and published the translation of the Persian text in 1851 and of the Babylonian in 1857. Rawlinson also encouraged much archaeological research and excavation in Mesopotamia.
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: piercer, pricker, bodkin
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A small tool consisting of a thin, tapering, sharp-pointed blade of bone, flint, or metal used for piercing holes, making decorations, or in assisting basketweaving.
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A small tool which pierces material. It has a flat cutting edge.
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A defect in which the glaze separates from the body during drying or firing (as around a prefiring crack), leaving unglazed areas

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