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Bambandyanalo
CATEGORY: site
DEFINITION: A hill that forms the eastern boundary of K2 in Transvaal, South Africa, where a site dates to the 11th-12th centuries AD - the southern African Iron Age.
Bandkeramik
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: Linearbandkeramik, LBK, Linienbandkeramik (German)
CATEGORY: ceramics; culture
DEFINITION: A pottery of the Danubian I culture, a Neolithic culture that existed over large areas of Europe north and west of the Danube River c 5th millennium BC. It consists of hemispherical bowls and globular jars, usually round-based and strongly suggesting copies of gourds. The name refers specifically to the standard incised linear decoration which was pairs of parallel lines forming spirals, meanders, chevrons, etc. There was farming of emmer wheat and barley and the keeping of domestic animals such as cattle. The most common stone tool was a polished stone adze. The people lived in large rectangular houses in medium-sized village communities or as small, dispersed clusters.
Bandung microliths
CATEGORY: culture
DEFINITION: A mid-Holocene obsidian industry of west Java's Bandung Plateau. It was characterized by small backed flakes and other tools.
Ghar-i Kamarband
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: Belt Cave
CATEGORY: site
DEFINITION: Cave site near the southeast corner of the Caspian Sea in northern Iran with occupation levels spanning the late Palaeolithic to early farming period c 10,000-5000 BC. After c 6000 BC there is evidence of increasing sheep and goat, possibly indicating domestication, and evidence of harvesting of wild cereals. Pottery appears c 5300 BC; shortly afterwards the cave was abandoned.
band
CATEGORY: term
DEFINITION: A term in cultural anthropology describing the simplest type of human social organization consisting of a small number of nuclear families (30-50 people) who are informally organized for subsistence and security purposes. Bands are egalitarian and based mainly on kinship and marriage and the division of labor is based on age and sex. Bands may also be integrated into a larger community, usually called a tribe. Bands exist in sparsely populated areas and use primitive technologies (and are often hunters and gatherers) - ranging from the desert-dwelling Australian Aborigines, the Pygmies of the Congo rain forests, and the Kaska Indians of the Yukon. Bands often moved seasonally to exploit wild (undomesticated) food resources.
macroband
CATEGORY: term
DEFINITION: An anthropological term used to describe a group of several, usually related families who set up seasonal hunter-gatherer camps, used as a model of prehistoric societies. There can be more than one camp in the region exploited by each macroband, which moves from one area to another in order to exploit seasonal food resources. At some times of the year, the macroband splits into microbands.
microband
CATEGORY: term
DEFINITION: A modern anthropological term describes a very small band of a few people, perhaps a single family, who carry out collecting and hunting activities together seasonally, and who may belong to a macroband which they rejoin at other seasons of the year for greater efficiency when there is a lot of seasonal food.
nave band
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A circular frame or disc arranged to revolve on an axle and used to facilitate the motion of a vehicle.

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