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Bede the Venerable, Saint (672-735 AD)
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: Baeda, Beda
CATEGORY: person
DEFINITION: Anglo-Saxon theologian, historian, and chronologist who is known for his prolific writings, including Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum (Ecclesiastical History of the English People) an important source for the history of the conversion to Christianity of the Anglo-Saxon tribes. Divided into five books it recorded (in Latin) events in Britain from the raids by Julius Caesar (55-54 BC) to the arrival in Kent (AD 597) of St. Augustine. For his sources Bede claimed the authority of ancient letters the traditions of our forefathers and his own knowledge of contemporary events.
Bedsa
CATEGORY: site
DEFINITION: A rock-cut Buddhist temple in Deccan, India that is dated 1st century BC. Its interior is elaborately decorated and the pillars have vase-shaped bases and bell-shaped capitals surmounted by sculpted human and animal groups. In front of the temple is a facade and a large entrance with decorated pillars.
Gobedra
CATEGORY: site
DEFINITION: A small rock shelter near Axum in northern Ethiopia which has yielded a stratified sequence covering the last 12,000 years. The earliest occurrence was of large blades, followed c 8000 BC by an industry dominated by backed microliths. Pottery first appeared at a level tentatively dated to the 3rd millennium BC. The seeds of cultivated finger millet (Eleusine coracana) are dated to between 7000-5000 years ago. This find, if correctly associated with these dates, would be the earliest-known evidence for an indigenous African crop. The latest stone industry was a specialized one of small steep scrapers.
ascribed status
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: ascribed leadership
CATEGORY: term
DEFINITION: An individual's social standing or leadership which was inherited or assigned from his or her parents or other relatives, by sex, or some other fixed criterion.
barbed and tanged arrowhead
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: Triangular-shaped flint arrowheads of the later Neolithic and early Bronze Age in Europe. Distinctive in having a short rectangular tang on the base opposite the point, symmetrically set either side of which is a barb. The tang was used to secure the arrow tip to its shaft and usually projects slightly below the ends of the barbs.
barbed dowel pin
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A wooden pin used to align parts, act as a pivot, or permit disassembly or separation
barbed point
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A bone or antler point with rows of barbs, usually on one side only.
barbed wire
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: Strong wire with barbs at regular intervals used to prevent passage
bed
CATEGORY: geology
DEFINITION: The smallest division of sediment or rock of a stratigraphic series, greater than 1 cm thick. It is distinguished from overlying and underlying beds by well-defined divisional or bedding planes.
bedding trench
CATEGORY: feature
DEFINITION: A trench or slot dug into the ground to receive the foundations of walls or into which timber is laid so wall posts can be inserted securely.
bedrock feature
CATEGORY: feature
DEFINITION: A feature constructed into bedrock that does not fit any other feature type.
bedrock mortar
CATEGORY: feature
DEFINITION: A deep basin set in granite or other large rock outcroppings, formed by the grinding or crushing of foods with stone. A flat or shallow surface of this same type is called a bedrock grinding slick.
bilaterally barbed
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A projectile point or harpoon with barbs on both edges
bonebed
CATEGORY: feature
DEFINITION: A place on a site with the remains of a large number of animals, often of the same species and representing a single moment in time, as with a mass killing or mass death
combed ornament
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: combed ware
CATEGORY: ceramics
DEFINITION: Any pottery decorated by drawing a toothed instrument across the surface of the soft clay or colored slip. The pottery was often decorated by the application of two or more different-colored slips that was either brushed or combed to produce the effect of marbled paper, a broad band of parallel incisions, often wavy.
cross-bed
CATEGORY: geology
DEFINITION: A sedimentary structure with fine strata (laminae) within a bed which are inclined relative to the bounding beds. Orientation of cross-bedding can be used to reconstruct past depositional environments that may have related archaeological deposits.
hunebed
CATEGORY: structure
DEFINITION: The Dutch name (literally 'Hun's grave') for a local variety of megalithic chamber tombs in the northern Netherlands and northern Germany. The tombs are built of large stones and consist of a round or oval mound surrounded by a kerb and covering a rectangular burial chamber with its entrance on one of the long sides. A few examples have an entrance passage, giving them a T plan which suggests an association with the passage graves of Denmark. The Danish tombs are slightly later than the oldest Dutch ones, but in both places they were built by the TRB culture during the Neolithic in the 4th and 3rd millennia BC.
inscribed
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: Term used to describe marks or lines forming a design, motif, image, or pattern of some kind that can been cut into stone, metal, bone, wood, ceramic, or other fairly soft material.
knobbed
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: In lithics, A stem form having a rounded lump or protruding appearance.
lobbed
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A term used to describe the base portion of a point or blade that is eared. The ears are rounded and are formed by the meeting of two circles creating a lobbed effect. An object with a oval shaped base or stem.
pan bedding
CATEGORY: structure
DEFINITION: An Egyptian construction technique, usually in mud-brick, consisting of curved courses. It is most often seen in temple enclosure walls from the Late Period (747-332 BC) onwards, which are usually built in sections and with a pronounced batter.
status, ascribed
CATEGORY: term
DEFINITION: The social rights and duties attributed to an individual at birth, regardless of ability or achievement. An individual would be born into a particular class or family to have ascribed status.

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