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Bell Beaker
CATEGORY: ceramics; culture
DEFINITION: A type of pottery vessel found all over western and central Europe from the final Neolithic or Chalcolithic, c 2500-1800 BC. The culture's name derives from the characteristic pottery which looks like an inverted bell with globular body and flaring rim. The beakers were valuable and highly decorated. They are often associated with special artifacts in grave assemblages, including polished stone wristguards, V-perforated buttons, and copper-tanged daggers.
Bellows Beach
DEFINITION: A coastal occupation site on Oahu, Hawaii, which has produced some of the earliest occupation dates (600-1000 AD) of the island group. The assemblage is of Early Eastern Polynesian type: shell fishhooks, stone adzes, and bones of dog, pig, and rat.
animal bell
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A bell worn by an animal, e.g. sheep, goats, cows and hawks, to inform the owner of the animal's position.
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: The earliest bell founding (i.e., the casting of bells from molten metal) is associated with the Bronze Age. The ancient Chinese were superb founders, their craft reaching an apex during the Chou dynasty (c 1122-221 BC). Characteristic were elliptical temple bells with exquisite symbolic decorations cast onto their surfaces by the cire perdue, or lost wax, process. Bells had an important ceremonial role in ancient China during the Chou Dynasty. The earliest Chinese bells, of Shang Dynasty (c 1600-1123 BC), were mounted mouth upwards and struck. Later bells hung mouth downwards.
bell glass
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A bell-shaped glass cover used, especially formerly, as a cloche
bell-shaped cist
CATEGORY: feature
DEFINITION: A large pit whose greatest diameter is substantially larger than the diameter of its opening. A storage function is implied.
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A capacious round-bellied jug or pitcher bearing a grotesque human mask. Originally created in the Netherlands as a burlesque likeness of Cardinal Bellarmine, the idea spread widely and the term later became applied to any jug bearing a human mask.
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: An object used to create a blast of air.
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: corbeling; corbeled roof
CATEGORY: structure
DEFINITION: A technique of roofing in stone-built chambers whereby successive courses of bricks or slabs are allowed to project a little further inwards than the course below until a curved or domed ceiling is achieved. The Maya used this method to create a corbelled 'false' arch, or vault with the earliest expressions in Late Chicanel tombs at Tikal and Altar de Sacrificios. The technique was also used within the megalithic tradition in Europe in some of the passage graves, such as New Grange and Maes Howe, and in the tholos tombs of the Mycenaean world. Babylonian architecture made wide use of corbel arches.

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