DEFINITION: A site and Neolithic culture on the southwestern coast of Taiwan, dating to 2400-1800 BC.
Serabit el-Khadim
DEFINITION: Ancient Egyptian site in southwest Sinai which had rich deposits of turquoise and copper ore. There is a temple of Hathor (12th-20th dynasties) with stelae erected by kings and officials doing mining work in the area.
arbitrary excavation
CATEGORY: technique
DEFINITION: Excavation by predetermined levels of a given thickness; used on sites or areas of sites without visible layering of the soil.
arbitrary level
CATEGORY: technique
DEFINITION: In an excavation, the basic vertical subdivision of an excavation unit, defined metrically, such as in 5-, 10-, or 20-centimeter levels. These levels are prescribed when natural layers of stratification are lacking or not easily recognizable.
arbitrary sample unit
CATEGORY: technique
DEFINITION: A subdivision of data within a defined area of excavation, such as a sample unit that is defined by a site grid, which has no specific cultural relevance.
bit, horse
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A metal mouthpiece attached to a bridle, used to control a horse. The domesticated horse was probably first controlled with a simple halter. Bits, the mouthpiece of a horse's bridle, consisting of a bit-mouth and adjacent parts to which the reins are attached. Bits with cheek-pieces of antler did not appear in central Europe until after 1800 BC and they were later replaced by bronze bits. Bits without a cheek-piece, in 2-piece or 3-piece form, were introduced in the Iron Age.
bît hilani
CATEGORY: structure
DEFINITION: An architectural type describing a pillared porch, usually of wood. A bit hilani is a wooden-pillared portico or 1-3 columns at the top of a short flight of steps at the entry to reception suites. At one end of the portico there was a staircase to an upper story, leading to a reception or throne room. There was usually an adjoining staircase to the roof and a varying number of retiring rooms. It was a standard palace unit, first found at the Syrian site of Tell Atchana with a date of mid-2nd millennium BC. It was adopted by the Syro-Hittites and Assyrians. Another fine example of bit hilani is the Kaparu Palace at Tall Halaf.
CATEGORY: lithics
DEFINITION: The waste by-products - chips or debris - resulting from the manufacture of stone tools, found in large quantities in a tool-making area. Study of debitage can reveal a good deal about techniques used by knappers. Certain waste flakes have a characteristic appearance and indicate the tools that were made or prepared at a site even when the tools themselves are absent.
debitage analysis
CATEGORY: technique
DEFINITION: The study of waste products resulting from tool manufacture to reconstruct stone technology.
DEFINITION: The physical environment where a plant or animal naturally or normally lives and grows. An area in the biome where different communities and populations flourish, each with specific locales.
habitation site
DEFINITION: A general term for any area that has evidence of a domestic activity, such as food preparation. Any site where people lived in the past.
horse bit
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A metal mouthpiece on a bridle, used to control a horse
nonarbitrary sample unit
CATEGORY: technique
DEFINITION: A subdivision of the data universe with cultural relevance, such as sample units defined by data clusters in remains of rooms or houses.

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