(View exact match)Humbolt Series pointCATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: Bifacially worked chipped stone points of lanceolate outline manufactured by Archaic Stage communities on the Great Plains and western interior of North America in the period c.3000 BC to AD 700. There are numerous variations in style and in size, but most have a hollow base and none have side notches.boltSYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: quarrel
DEFINITION: An iron arrow or missile, especially stout and short with a blunt or thickened head, discharged from a crossbow or other engine.
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Lovelock CaveCATEGORY: site
DEFINITION: A Late Archaic site in the Humbolt Lake region of west-central Nevada, occupied as early as 7000 BC. Located near a desert marsh, it has yielded details of prehistoric desert adaptations over a long period. A dating scheme covering the period 2500 BC-500 AD has been developed. The pits and artifacts indicate that the site was a cache or storage place rather than a living community.Sutton HooCATEGORY: site
DEFINITION: Sixth and seventh century AD burial mounds in Suffolk, England, the richest treasure found in British soil. It was the royal cemetery of the Wuffingas, early Anglo-Saxon kings of East Anglia. The largest of the burial mounds was found to cover a Saxon boat, its form preserved only by the impression left in the sand by its vanished timbers, with their iron bolts still in their original positions. The boat had been propelled by 38 oars; there was no mast. The grave goods include a decorated helmet, sword, and shield; ceremonial whetstone; gold belt buckle; purse and cloak clasps; Millefiori glass; cloisonné garnets; Merovingian gold coins; and Byzantium silver vessels and spoons. It is likely to have been prepared as a cenotaph in honor of Redwald (d. 625). He was the most important East Anglian king. The treasure shows a higher cultural level and wider commercial contacts than had previously been figured for the early Saxon period in England. This type of funerary ritual is known from Migration Period Europe and is described in the Anglo-Saxon poem Beowulf. The ship and artifacts are now housed in the British Museum.ballistaSYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: balista
DEFINITION: An ancient heavy missile launcher designed to hurl javelins or heavy balls on the principle of a crossbow. The smaller ballista was just that - a basic, large crossbow fastened to a mount. It was also used to hurl iron shafts, Greek fire, heavy darts, etc. during sieges. The huge, complicated Roman ballista, however, was powered by torsion derived from two thick skeins of twisted cords through which were thrust two separate arms joined at their ends by the cord that propelled the missile. The largest ballistas were quite accurate in hurling 60-pound weights up to about 500 yards. The catapult was yet another machine used for firing bolts and other arrow-like missiles. The two terms are often used interchangeably.haspCATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A hinged or looped clasp that fits over a staple and is secured by a pin, bolt or padlock.hastaCATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A spear or shaft used for thrusting, or as a missile for hurling from the hand, or as a bolt from an engine. Hastile is the shaft of the spear.pintleCATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A pin or bolt, especially one on which some other object turns.slingCATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A weapon consisting of two thongs attached to a pouch, one of the first missile weapons in warfare. The weapon was whirled and a thong released, hurling a stone from the pouch with considerable velocity. Except in desert areas, such as the Peruvian coast, the sling itself does not survive but sling-bolts or shot of stone, terra-cotta or lead are present as artifacts. It is rarely found in the same cultural contexts as the bow and arrow. In another type, the sling was attached to a short staff that was held in both hands; it was used for heavier missiles, especially in siege operations during the European Middle Ages.