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Irish bowl
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: Irish food vessel
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: Type of early Bronze Age ceramic vessel found in Ireland and the west of Scotland, mainly accompanying inhumation burials. These vessels have a small flat base, and a biconical form to the body with elaborated and sometimes perforated lugs on the carination, and an internally beveled rim. The upper part of the body, neck, and rim is usually decorated with impressed cord or other motifs. The bowls date to the early 2nd millennium BC.
Megarian bowl
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A handleless hemispherical Greek drinking cup made in molds and often decorated in relief and finished in the black-glossed technique. Widespread in the Hellenistic period from the 3rd century BC, they developed into the red-glossed Arrentine wares. The type was first recognized at Megara and were made until the 1st century AD. They were imitations of gold and silver vessels and served as the first form of book illustration. They often bear on their exteriors scenes in relief from literary texts that are sometimes accompanied by Greek quotations. They likely served as models for Roman artists who created the first "true" book illustrations.
beveled-rim bowl
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: beveled rim bowl
CATEGORY: ceramics
DEFINITION: A widespread, crudely made conical pottery vessel formed in a mold and having a sloped rim, characteristic of the Late Uruk period.
bow
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: An offensive weapon for shooting arrows or missiles and used in hunting and war. It generally consists of a strip of bendable wood or other material with a string stretched between its two ends. The arrow or missile is shot by the recoil after retraction of the string. The weapon was first used in the Upper Paleolithic by the Gravettians. Some Mesolithic examples have been preserved in peat bogs, but often all that remains is an arrowhead or wrist guard.
bow and arrow
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: Weapon consisting of two parts; the bow is made of a strip of flexible material, such as wood, with a cord linking the two ends of the strip to form a tension from which is propelled the arrow; the arrow is a straight shaft with a sharp point on one end and usually with feathers attached to the other end
bow brooch
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: Any brooch with the pin sprung or hinged at one end and the catchplate at the other end of a curved or flat bow. Can be one or two piece construction.
bow-drill
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A device for perforating beads or other small objects, in which a bow is used to rotate the shaft of the bit
bowl
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A round, deep dish or basin
bowsing
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: bosing
CATEGORY: technique
DEFINITION: A technique used to locate features beneath the surface, such a buried chambers or ditches, by thumping the ground and sensing the differences between compacted and undisturbed earth. A resulting resonant sound may indicate a buried chamber or pit. It is an unsophisticated but effective method of searching for earthworks at archaeological sites, especially in chalk subsoil. Wooden mallets or lead-filled tools are examples of implements used. The verb 'bose' or 'bowse' means to test the ground for the presence of buried structures by noting the sound of percussion from a weighted striker.
bowtie
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: An atlatl in the shape of a bow tie
campanulate bowl
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A bowl or other kind of vessel, whether of pottery, metal, or some other material, shaped to the form of an inverted bell.
composite bow
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: An archer's bow made of more than one material - as wood and fiberglass - to combine properties of strength, durability, and power. In early times, a bow of wood was reinforced on one side by layers of animal sinew and on the other side by animal horn.
crossbow
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A bow made with a crossbow parallel to the arrow and operated by a mechanical trigger release. It was likely invented by the Chinese in the late Chou Dynasty (c 400 BC) for defending their cities. The best-preserved examples were in Ch'u state. Chinese skill in bronze casting enabled them to make the accurate trigger of several interlocking parts for the weapon's effectiveness. Cast-bronze trigger mechanisms are commonly found in late Eastern Zhou burials along with inlaid bronze bow fittings and bronze arrow points. It was the most important weapon of the Middle Ages, with its earliest appearance in Europe was in Italian cities during the 10th and 11th centuries.
hanging bowl
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: Any thin bronze, shallow bowl found in Anglo-Saxon graves up until the 7th century, an important part of a Celtic metal-working tradition which has its origins in the Roman and pre-Roman Iron Age. They have three equally spaced suspension rings, fixed to the bowl by escutcheons usually decorated with colored enamel and millefiori.
necked bowl
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: Bowl or jar with a rim curving outwards from its shoulder to form a neck of concave quarter-round profile. Sometimes referred to as a cavetto rim or neck.
pillar-molded bowl
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: Style of Roman glass bowl made by casting molten glass in a mould. Early examples are usually brightly colored, but after the 1st century AD most are a bluish-green color.
polypod bowl
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A bowl that stands on two, three, or four small legs - found especially in Middle American archaeology. The form was also popular among the southwestern groups of the Beaker folk and in related central European wares.
reflex bow
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A small but powerful bow made such that, until strung, the ends of the bow project forwards rather than backwards. The simple bow, made from a single piece of wood, was known to Neolithic hunters; it is depicted in cave paintings by 30,000 BC. The first improvement was the reflex bow, a bow that was curved forward, or reflexively, near its center so that the string lay close against the grip before the bow was drawn. This increased the effective length of the draw since it began farther forward, close to the archer's left hand.
segmental bowl
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: Bowl of which the body forms part of the segment of a sphere.
stave bow
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A simple bow made from a single piece of wood, such as yew.
tripod bowl
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: Bowl with three legs, normally of the 1st century ad .

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