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bow brooch
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: Any brooch with the pin sprung or hinged at one end and the catchplate at the other end of a curved or flat bow. Can be one or two piece construction.
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: An ornamental pin or piece of decorative metalwork attached by a pin, that was either a fastener or ornament, and are found from c 1400 BC. Brooches developed from the Roman fibula, which was similar to a safety pin, and first made at La Tène on Lake Neuchâtel, Switzerland. Their styles vary especially in the twistings of the spring and may be used to date other finds. There were long brooches, rosette or circular brooches, and penannular types.
cruciform brooch
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A bow-brooch with a small headplate and long footplate. From the headplate protrude three knobs; the footplate is normally shaped into an animal head with eyes and nostrils. Found in Jutland and Holstein from the late 4th century. During the 5th and 6th centuries AD cruciform brooches spread across the North Sea to Britain.
penannular brooch
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A common type of metal dress fastening found especially in post-Roman and later times down to the 10th century AD in northwest Europe. Developed out of earlier Iron Age and Roman brooch forms, penannular brooches comprise an open hoop with two terminals and a pin backing the hoop. The terminals in particular were often ornamented, some very elaborately.
quoit brooch
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: Ornate circular Anglo-Saxon brooch of the early 5th century AD, distinctive in being essentially a penannular brooch to which has been added a wide decorative plate with a round hole in the middle.
radiate brooch
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: General term referring to bow-brooches with a semi-circular headplate decorated with a row of radiating knobs. Two major types are the radiate brooch with a straight-sided footplate (found in Frankish territories) and that with a lozenge-shaped footplate (found in Lombardic contexts).
saucer brooch
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: Circular brooch, concave in section, like a modern lapel badge, generally decorated in chip-carving. Distributed in the north German lowlands and in England, and dated to the 5th and 6th centuries AD
zoomorphic brooch
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A fastener for clothes which includes the representation of animal forms in its design or decoration

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