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Cistercian ware
CATEGORY: ceramics
DEFINITION: A lead-glazed English earthenware of the 15th-16th centuries. The earthenware is dark red with a black or brown metallic-appearing glaze and was called Cistercian because they were first excavated at Yorkshire Cistercian abbeys. The pottery forms were mainly drinking vessels, tall mugs, trumpet-shaped tygs (with 2, 4, or 8 handles), and tankards. The majority of the ware is undecorated, but some examples are distinguished by horizontal ribbing or by white slip ornamentation consisting of roundels or rosettes. Potteries producing these wares were at Abergavenny, Monmouthshire; Tickford, Derbyshire; and Wrotham, Kent.
bell-shaped cist
CATEGORY: feature
DEFINITION: A large pit whose greatest diameter is substantially larger than the diameter of its opening. A storage function is implied.
cist
CATEGORY: feature
DEFINITION: A pit feature that is not bell-shaped but for which there is some basis for interpreting its aboriginal use as a storage pit.
cist tomb
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: cist grave, slab tomb, kist, stone chest
CATEGORY: structure; feature
DEFINITION: A prehistoric coffin containing either a body or ashes, usually made of stone or a hollowed-out tree, of Europe and Asia. The grave might be lined with stones and covered with slabs or enclosed on four sides by stone slabs standing upright and closed with a lid (dolmen). Cists were for one or several burials and could be totally or partly buried. Cist has also been used in a more general sense to refer to the stone burial place itself. The term also referred to a storage place for sacred objects.
cistern
CATEGORY: artifact; feature
DEFINITION: An artificial reservoir or receptacle, such as an underground tank, for holding water or another liquid. It was especially used for catching and storing rainwater.
segmented cist
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: segmented gallery grave
CATEGORY: structure
DEFINITION: A type of megalithic tomb - cist or burial chamber - divided into compartments by jambs projecting from the walls, or by sill stones (septal slabs) set transversely on edge across the floor. These tombs are sometimes labeled segmented gallery graves. Good examples are in the British Isles among the Clyde Carlingford tombs.

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