(View exact match)cuirassCATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A piece of armor to protect the torso, both front and back, and often molded to the contours of the body. Originally made of thick leather, it was variously made of laminated linen, sheet bronze, or iron, or scales of horn, hide, or metal. In Homeric and Hellenistic times, it was made of bronze. Cuirasses of leather as well as iron were worn by officers in the armies of the Roman Empire. Later made of steel, the cuirass was forerunner to body armor worn to deflect bullets.
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armorSYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: arms, armour, body armor
DEFINITION: Protective clothing with the ability to deflect or absorb arrows, bullets, lances, swords, or other weapons during combat. There are three main types: 1) armor made of leather, fabric, or mixed materials reinforced by quilting or felt, 2) mail, of interwoven rings or iron or steel, and 3) rigid armor of metal, plastic, horn, wood, or other tough material, including plate armor of the Middle Ages' knights. Armor was used well before historical records were kept by primitive warriors. The first was likely made of leather hides and included helmets. It was found that in the 11th century BC, Chinese warriors wore 5-7 layers of rhinoceros skin. Greek heavy infantry wore thick, multilayered linen cuirasses in the 5th century BC. Armor is found along with arrows, clubs, hammers, hatchets, and other weaponry and is often ornamented. The defensive armor, the shield, and thorax, were called hopla, and people wearing them were called hoplites.backplateCATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: Plate armor protecting the back; worn as part of a cuirasslorica segmentataCATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: Latin term for a type of body armor worn by Roman legionaries, consisting of a cuirass made from iron strips hinged together.lorica squamataCATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: Latin term for a type of body armor worn by Roman legionaries, consisting of a cuirass made from shaped scales of iron and bronze riveted together.pectoralCATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A decorative and/or protective plate which covers the chest. It is also a plate forming the front of a cuirass which covers the chest.