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cyst
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: cist, cist grave
CATEGORY: structure
DEFINITION: A box-shaped burial structure made of stone slabs (especially slate, schist, or granite) set on edge. Cysts may be either sunk below ground level or built on the land surface, in which case they are covered by a protective barrow. The body, in a crouched position, was buried, or an urn, containing cremation ashes, and funerary furniture were placed and buried. The name comes from the Greek word 'kiste', meaning chest or box.

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