SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: cist, cist grave CATEGORY: structure DEFINITION: A box-shaped burialstructure made of stone slabs (especially slate, schist, or granite) set on edge. Cysts may be either sunk below ground level or built on the land surface, in which case they are covered by a protective barrow. The body, in a crouched position, was buried, or an urn, containing cremation ashes, and funerary furniture were placed and buried. The name comes from the Greek word 'kiste', meaning chest or box.
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: pl. dysser CATEGORY: structure DEFINITION: The Danish name for the earliest type of megalithic chamber tomb found in Scandinavia in the Early Neolithic. The oldest dysser are rectangular slab cysts roofed with capstones and containing 1-6 skeletons. The burial chamber is covered with a mound which rises to the height of the capstone and has a retaining kerb of stones. Drysser are associated with an early phase (C) of the TRB culture. Similar but less massive cysts were built by other TRB groups elsewhere in northern Europe.
CATEGORY: site; artifact DEFINITION: A Chalcolithic (Copper Age) settlement site in Gard, France, which has given its name to a style of pottery decorated with channeleddecoration arranged usually in metopic or concentric semicircle patterns. Fontbouïsse ware is widespread in southern France, occurring in chamber bombs, village sites, burial caves, natural rock clefts, and small cremation cysts. It is also the name of a cultural group known for its dry-stone houses, megalithic tombs and caves used for burials, and is associated with extensive flintmining and the first evidence of copper working in the area.
CATEGORY: site DEFINITION: A site in southern Sweden with one of the largest grave mounds in Scandinavia, c 70 m in diameter. The barrow covers a central cyst made of slabs with carvings on their inner faces. The designs include processional scenes, a chariot with rider, ships, horses, fish, axes, sun-wheels, and human figures. The contents of the tomb were plundered at the time of discovery in 1748, but the carvings that remain are of Middle or Late Bronze Age style and may date to about the 12th century BC.