(View exact match)dolichocephalicSYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: dolichocranic
DEFINITION: A term in physical anthropology term meaning long- and narrow-headed. On the cephalic index, the cranium has a maximum width of 75% or less of the maximum length, i.e. a cephalic index greater than 75.
Display More Results
cephalic indexCATEGORY: technique
DEFINITION: A measurement technique used to define the relationship between the length and breadth of a human skull. The breadth of the skull is expressed as a percentage of the length and the ratio is figured as the maximum breadth to the maximum length, measured from a point just above the eyebrow ridges, multiplied by 100. This produces an index which defines the skull as round-headed (brachycephalic; a reading above 80), long-headed (dolichocephalic; a reading below 75), or in-between (meso- or mesaticephalic; a reading between 75-80). It is an important anthropological tool though it is now recognized that other methods of measurement are needed to compare skull shapes adequately.