(View exact match)dragonCATEGORY: deity
DEFINITION: A legendary monster usually depicted as a huge, bat-winged, fire-breathing, scaly lizard or snake with a barbed tail. In general, in the Middle Eastern world, the dragon was symbolic of the principle of evil. In the Far East, the dragon was prestigious and considered a beneficent creature. The Chinese dragon, lung, represented yang, the principle of heaven, activity, and maleness in the yin-yang of Chinese cosmology. From ancient times, it was the emblem of the Imperial family, and until the founding of the republic (1911) the dragon was on the Chinese flag.
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DEFINITION: A culture of northwestern Argentina during the period 700-1000 AD, located on the western slopes of the Andes, and noted for the fine quality of its arts. Decorated copper and bronze plaques and polychrome yellow and black pottery with designs of cats, dragons, humans, birds, warriors, weaponry, and trophy heads are characteristic and reflect a possible influence from Tiahuanaco. Decapitated burials are a further indication that warfare was a dominant preoccupation of Aguada. Its sudden disappearance from the archaeological record in c 1000 AD was probably the result of invasion from the east.DrachenlochSYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: Dragon's Cave
DEFINITION: A cave site in western Germany with purported evidence of a Middle Palaeolithic cave bear cult: a stone cist with bear skulls and bones. According to the Nibelungen legends, the Drachenloch in the hill sheltered the dragon slain by the hero Siegfried.Koenigswald, Gustav Heinrich Ralph von (1902-1982)CATEGORY: person
DEFINITION: A Dutch-German palaeoanthropologist who discovered Hominid remains in Java at Ngandong and at Sangiran. At Sangiran were Pithecanthropus remains, assigned to the Homo genus by Koenigswald. He also found Meganthropus palaeojavanicus on Java. He also discovered the first specimens of Gigantopithecus, genus of large fossil ape, in Chinese drugstores, where they were known as "dragon's teeth.LiyuCATEGORY: site; artifact
DEFINITION: A village near Hunyan in northern Shanxi, China, where a large hoard of bronzes of the 6th and 5th centuries BC was found. The name Liyu has since been applied to a style of decoration shared by many bronzes from the hoard and characterized by an interlace of dragons whose ribbonlike bodies are textured with fine meander and volute patterns. Its borrowings from steppe art are common to much Chinese art of the period.XinzhengSYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: Hsin-cheng
DEFINITION: Area in central Honan province, China, with an Eastern Zhou (Chou) tomb which was ransacked. More than a hundred bronze ritual vessels and bells said to belong to the find are now divided among museums in Beijing and Taibei. The vessels, of the 8th-6th centuries BC, show a change to more elegant forms, often decorated with an allover pattern of tightly interlaced serpents; vessels may be set about with tigers and dragons modeled in the round and topped with flaring, petaled lids. The name of the site is now attached to these patterns. A group of monumental vessels found at Xinzheng and affiliated with Ch'u bronzes are not of this style.fibulaSYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: pl. fibulae
DEFINITION: In antiquity, a clasp, buckle, or brooch of various designs, usually shaped like a modern safety pin. It was often used for fastening a draped garment such as a toga or cloak, made of bronze, gold, silver, ivory, etc.; and consisted of a bow, pin, and catch. It is the Latin word for "brooch" and is so named for the outer of two bones of lower leg or hindlimb which together with the tibia resemble an ancient brooch. The earliest examples date to around 1300 BC. There are two main families of fibulae. In the south they were made in one piece starting with the Peschiera or violin bow form in northern Italy and Mycenaean Greece. From this developed the arc fibula north of the Mediterranean and the harp and spectacle fibulae in the eastern Alps in the years around 1000 BC. From the Certosa form was derived the long series of La Tène Iron Age varieties. Even wider variation is found among the succeeding Roman fibulae leading on to the final forms in the Saxon and Migration periods. Around the same time there was an apparently independent development in northern Europe of the two-piece variety. Fibula types include: violin bow arc elbowed serpentine dragon harp disk with 'elastic bow' leech boat two-piece fibula spiral La Tène I III. Fibula terms include: catchplate pin spring bow stilt elongated catchplate disk catchplate knobbed (Certosa) catchplate. Although primarily functional fibulas were often also highly decorated items of personal adornment sometimes inlaid with glass and precious stones. An enormous number of different types of fibulae were made and they can often be a useful guide to dating.t'ao t'iehSYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: taotie, t'ao-t'ie
DEFINITION: Chinese term for a Neolithic design put on jade objects of the Liangzhu culture and then used on bronze in the Shang period. In the Shang (18th-12th century BC) and Chou (1111-c 900 BC) dynasties, it was a zoomorphic monster mask seen full face with a gaping mouth and no lower jaw, the eyes, ears, and horns placed symmetrically on either side of a vertical frontal line. T'ao t'ieh often consisted of two kui (dragons facing each other, also symmetrical, with body in profile, winding tail, and clawed feet). The t'ao t'ieh is the most important of a number of such patterns used to decorate the bronze vessels.