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DEFINITION: A primitive variety of wheat, similar to einkorn. It was cultivated by early farmers and is a hulled species (i.e. threshing does not remove the glumes from the grain). It is found in archaeological contexts in its wild and its cultivated form from the eighth millennium BC onwards. It is still grown in mountainous parts of southern Europe as a cereal crop and livestock food. It is thought to be the ancestor of many other varieties of wheat.

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