(View exact match)CATEGORY: structure
DEFINITION: A wall section below the basal stones. A footing is not a continuation of the wall masonry and its materials usually differ in size and shape from those used in the wall. Often, a footing is laid in a trench.
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DEFINITION: The modern capital of Ireland (Eire) was founded by the Vikings, or Norsemen, in the 9th century (c 831) and built on the ridge above the south bank of the river, the same spot where Dublin Castle was built. Throughout much of the Middle Ages it remained one of the foremost sea ports in the British Isles. Viking Dublin was a prosperous settlement, and excavations begun in the 1960s revealed a wealth of archaeological evidence for that period. From prehistoric times people have dwelt in the area about Dublin Bay, and four of Ireland's five great roads converged near the spot called Baile Atha Cliath (The Town of the Ford of the Hurdle). Remarkable waterlogged conditions have preserved organic material from levels dating to between the 9th-14th centuries. The footings of wattle-and-daub and timber-framed buildings have been recovered with door posts screens and hearths as well as timber streets. There is also abundant evidence of the crafts and industries from the Hiberno-Scandinavian and Anglo-Norman periods - woodworking metalworking hooping combmaking leatherworking and cobbling.KhirokitiaCATEGORY: site; culture
DEFINITION: An Early Neolithic settlement in southern Cyprus, first occupied in the aceramic Neolithic I of the 7th millennium BC. It was abandoned and reoccupied in Neolithic II, later 5th millennium BC. The settlement, surrounded by a massive wall, consisted of round houses of mudbrick on stone footings. Hearths and benches were found inside and some houses had burials with grave goods (especially stone bowls) underneath the floors. There was a fine stone industry, using Anatolian obsidian and flint for tools, local andesite for both tools and containers, and Levantine carnelian for beads. The site has given its name to the Early Neolithic culture of the island.MolfettaCATEGORY: site
DEFINITION: Middle Neolithic settlement on the Italian Adriatic coast near Puglie, Italy - in the 'Pulo di Molfetta' - by an enormous collapsed cave. A Neolithic village and cemetery beside this provide a type site for the south Italian impressed ware, for which radiocarbon dates around 5200 BC have been obtained. In about 1600 BC a Bronze Age people, bringing an early version of the Apennine culture, occupied the floor of the depression and caves in its walls. It was originally a circular cave over 100 m across. An Early Neolithic village had small round huts with stone footings and wattle-and-daub walls.OtzakiCATEGORY: site
DEFINITION: An Aceramic Neolithic-Early Bronze Age tell (or magoula) settlement in Thessaly, Greece. Early Neolithic pre-Sesklo occupation with Impressed Ware was succeeded by Middle Neolithic Sesklo painted pottery. Houses were of mud-brick and rectangular, some having stone footings and internal buttresses. The megaron type appears later in the period.hearthCATEGORY: feature
DEFINITION: Any place where a pit was dug and a fire built, sometimes identified by charcoal, baked earth, ash, discoloration, or an outline of stones or clay footing. The site of an open domestic fire might have served as kiln or oven. Hearths often appear in one layer of soil after another as an archaeologist digs down through a site, and they are an indication of a succession of camps or habitations. Charcoal from a hearth can be dated by the radiocarbon method. Baked clay in a hearth can be dated by the palaeomagnetic method. Burnt earthen rims may provide oxidized material for archaeomagnetic dating. The hearth is often centrally located and has a variety of shapes and sizes.hut circleCATEGORY: feature
DEFINITION: A circle of earth or stones along the circumference of a previously existing hut. A circular depression, wall, or ring of boulders, marking the footing of a vanished hut.