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CATEGORY: culture
DEFINITION: Mesolithic culture of southern Scandinavia centered on the type site lake settlement of Kongemosen in Zealand. It dates to the late Boreal and early Atlantic, c 5600-5000 bc, between the Maglemosian and Ertebolle. Artifacts include geometric art, large blades, axes, and bone points.
DEFINITION: Town and cave site in eastern Sierra Leone with one of the few stratified sequences of Palaeolithic and Neolithic stone industries in that country. Crudely flaked picks, choppers, and flake-scrapers; hoe-like tools and backed blades have been found. In another phase, pottery and ground stone tools are found for the first time. Thermoluminescence tests dated the third-phase pottery at c 2000 BC.
CATEGORY: typology
DEFINITION: In systematics, a procedure that orders data into units. Classification and grouping create arrangements.
cultural resource management
CATEGORY: branch
DEFINITION: A professional area of archaeology that focuses on the protection of archaeological sites from urban development, energy exploration, or natural processes. It is the legally mandated conservation, protection, and management of sites and artifacts as a means of protecting the past. Safeguarding the archaeological heritage is done through the protection of sites and salvage archaeology (rescue archaeology). This branch of archaeology is also concerned with developing policies and action in regard to the preservation and use of cultural resources.
CATEGORY: geology
DEFINITION: Any precious or semiprecious stone; this group also includes some animal and vegetable products with precious characteristics, such as amber, pearls, and coral. Conventionally, the following are classified as precious stones: diamonds, rubies (corundum), emeralds (beryl), and sapphires (corundum). Sometimes chrysoberyl, topaz, and zircon are added because of their hardness, refraction, and transparency index. Deeply engraved semiprecious or precious stones were used to give an impression to seals. Engraved stones (intaglios) were found in Middle Minoan period in Crete, but the technique of working stones fell out of use until the 7th century BC. In 6th century BC, the scarab form of seal was introduced in Egypt, which developed into the Classical Greek gemstone technique.
gem point
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A projectile point made out of agate, jasper, or another colorful stone
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A precious or semi precious stone used within jewelry.

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