(View exact match)glumeCATEGORY: flora
DEFINITION: A floral ecofact; the casing holding the wheat kernel.
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DEFINITION: A variety of wheat (Triticum monococcum) cultivated in Neolithic times. It has pale red kernels and is a hulled grain (i.e. the glume remains on the grain after threshing), found at farming sites of the 8th and 7th millennia BC. Like the other cereals, it could be used for bread-making or for porridge. It probably originated in southeastern Europe and southwestern Asia, and is still grown in mountainous parts of southern Europe as grain for horses.emmerCATEGORY: flora
DEFINITION: A primitive variety of wheat, similar to einkorn. It was cultivated by early farmers and is a hulled species (i.e. threshing does not remove the glumes from the grain). It is found in archaeological contexts in its wild and its cultivated form from the eighth millennium BC onwards. It is still grown in mountainous parts of southern Europe as a cereal crop and livestock food. It is thought to be the ancestor of many other varieties of wheat.speltCATEGORY: flora
DEFINITION: A primitive variety of wheat (Triticum aestivum spelta) with lax spikes and spikelets containing two light red kernels. It was apparently not cultivated on the earliest of farming sites, but appeared only in the second millennium BC. It is a hulled grain (i.e. grains and glumes do not separate during threshing), and was probably used for bread-making, porridge, and even brewing.