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Green Gully
CATEGORY: site
DEFINITION: A Pleistocene site in southern Victoria, Australia, occupied between 15,000 and 4000 BC. Stone tools include large side-trimmed and concave flakes similar to those in Tasmania and at Kenniff Cave of the same period, and bipolar cores. Bones of two individuals, one male and one female, were found combined in a grave and were dated by radiocarbon on collagen to 4500 BC.
Greenland
CATEGORY: site
DEFINITION: The world's largest island; the Inuit are believed to have crossed from North America to northwest Greenland, using the islands of the Canadian Arctic as stepping stones in a series of migrations that stretched from 4000 BC to 1000 AD. Several distinct cultures are known, including the Sarqaq (c 1400-700 BC), Dorset (c. 800 BC-1300 AD), and others such as the Dundas (Thule) and Inugsuk. The Icelandic sagas and histories tell of failed attempts to colonize Greenland in the 970s and how the exiled Erik the Red eventually succeeded in 985. Archaeologists have located several early farmsteads, where the occupants began some cultivation and animal farming, supplementing their diets by hunting and fishing. Erik's own farm at Bratthalio consisted of a main long house with thick walls of stone and turf. Inside there was a central conduit and animal stalls with partitions made of whale scapulae. There were also four barns and outbuildings and the remains of a small U-shaped chapel with a wooden gable which was built by Erik's wife after her conversion to Christianity around 1000. From Greenland voyages were made to the coast of America, and Erik's son was one of the first explorers to reach 'Vinland', which was probably Maine.
Tudor green ware
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: Style of pottery manufactured in southeastern England (mainly in Surrey) in the 16th century AD which has a distinctive rather thick green or yellow glaze over a light colored body.
green
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: Referring to formed but unfired ceramic articles or their properties - and used as greenware, green strength, etc.
greenstone
CATEGORY: geology
DEFINITION: A loosely applied term for a variety of metamorphosed basic igneous rocks of a green color: serpentine, olivine, jade, jadeite, nephrite, chloromelanite, etc. The general term is useful, though, since ancient man used these materials interchangeably, mainly for high quality or ceremonial polished stone axes, figures, and other objects. Jade was particularly popular in China and Middle America, considered to have magical properties. Greenstone was important in southeastern Australia and in New Zealand. The green color comes from the minerals chlorite, hornblende, or epidote.
greenware
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: greenware state
CATEGORY: ceramics
DEFINITION: Unfired pottery.

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