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aniconic
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A seal bearing no image.
biconical
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A vessel is said to be biconical when the sides make a sharp, inward change of direction, as if two truncated cones were placed base to base.
biconical drilling
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A means of perforating beads or pendants for suspension. Accomplished by drilling in from both sides with a tapered drill resulting in an hour-glass-shaped hole.
biconical urn
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: Style of early Bronze Age pot found widely in northwestern Europe with a deep, largely plain, outwardly flared body above which is sharp carination, usually decorated and sometimes with an applied cordon, and an inwardly angled neck. The neck is usually decorated with impressed cord designs, and the rim is typically beveled and lightly ornamented.
biconvex
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A blade shape having two worked faces
icon
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A kind of portrait of a sacred person with a formal pose and exaggerated spiritual expression which spread through the Christian world from the mid 6th century AD onwards. Usually icons are painted on wood and housed in jeweled and highly ornate mounts. Some became so powerful as objects of devotion as to cause a rift in the Christian church, known as the iconoclastic dispute, where icons were banned in the Byzantine empire from AD 726, although the Latin church continued to allow their use. They remain a central component of the material culture of the Orthodox church.
iconic style
CATEGORY: term
DEFINITION: A somewhat deliberate use of style to signal group membership and other information symbolically; cf. isochrestic style.
iconography
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: icon
CATEGORY: related field
DEFINITION: The art of representing or illustrating by means of pictures, images, or figures; a , symbolic and metaphorical representation of a particular subject. It is sometimes considered a component of cognitive archaeology, in which artistic representations which usually have an overt religious or ceremonial significance are studied. Iconography is also the study of statues and images, bas-reliefs, busts, medals, etc. The earliest iconographical studies were published in the 16th century. Extensive iconographical study did not begin in Europe until the 18th century, however, when, as a companion to archaeology, it consisted of the classification of subjects and motifs in ancient monuments.
onomasticon
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: pl. onomastica
CATEGORY: language
DEFINITION: A Greek thesaurus of terms, a type of ancient text consisting of lists of various categories of names, from plants and animals to cities or professions. The onomastica were presumably intended to serve both as repositories of knowledge and as training exercises for scribes.

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