(View exact match)intaglioCATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A gemstone into whose surface a decoration is cut and this technique of decoration. This prehistoric incised carving was also done on precious metal. The design was especially used on seal stones which were sometimes set into rings and used as personal seals. The engraved subject is sunk beneath the surface, thus distinguishing it from a cameo, which is engraved in relief.
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DEFINITION: A site on the Madras coast of southern India near Pondicherry excavated by Mortimer Wheeler. It was an important trading post of the Romans after the mid-first century BC, though black-and-red ware found there began well before the period of Roman contact. A town with warehouses in an industrial quarter was built. Black-and-red Iron Age wares associated with Arretine ware of the 1st century AD, Mediterranean amphorae, and imperial Roman coins were found by Wheeler. Other excavations have found Roman pottery, beads, intaglios, lamps, and glass which indicate continuous occupation. Graffiti on pottery indicates the presence of Indian traders.anaglyphCATEGORY: artifact; language
DEFINITION: A term describing any work of art that is carved, chased, embossed, or sculptured - such as bas-reliefs, cameos, or other raised working of a material. Materials which are incised or sunken are called intaglios or diaglyphs. The Egyptians also used the term anaglyphs for a kind of secret writing.caelaturaCATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: From the Latin word meaning "to emboss, engrave" a general term for working in metal by raised work or intaglio such as engraving carving chasing riveting soldering or smelting. Similar work on wood ivory marble glass or precious stones was called sculptura.gemCATEGORY: geology
DEFINITION: Any precious or semiprecious stone; this group also includes some animal and vegetable products with precious characteristics, such as amber, pearls, and coral. Conventionally, the following are classified as precious stones: diamonds, rubies (corundum), emeralds (beryl), and sapphires (corundum). Sometimes chrysoberyl, topaz, and zircon are added because of their hardness, refraction, and transparency index. Deeply engraved semiprecious or precious stones were used to give an impression to seals. Engraved stones (intaglios) were found in Middle Minoan period in Crete, but the technique of working stones fell out of use until the 7th century BC. In 6th century BC, the scarab form of seal was introduced in Egypt, which developed into the Classical Greek gemstone technique.geoglyphSYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: Nasca lines; Nazca Lines
CATEGORY: artifact; lithics
DEFINITION: Any ground-constructed example of rock art, such as intaglios or rock alignments; straight lines, geometric shapes, and other representative designs found on the desert plain. Geoglyphs can be formed by piling up materials on the ground surface or by removing surface materials and most suggest a largely ceremonial function.sealCATEGORY: artifact; language
DEFINITION: A device for impressing characteristic marks into a soft surface, such as wet clay or wax, to indicate ownership or authenticity. Seals were made of bone, ivory, stone, or wood and had an intaglio design and were in the form of stamps or cylinder seals. The first can have a very wide range of shapes, and gives single impressions. The second, characteristic of ancient Mesopotamia, is rolled across the surface to yield a frieze of repeat designs. Their social and linguistic significance is great. They were fundamental in the development of writing system and were a status symbol of authority and sometimes accorded talismanic properties. The use of seals and writing on clay tablets appeared together in Mesopotamia, towards end of 4th millennium BC.