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Maskhutah, Tell el-
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: Tall al-Maskhutah; ancient Per-Atum, Per Tum; biblical Pithum
DEFINITION: Ancient Egyptian city located near Ismailia in al-Isma'iliyah muhafazah (governorate). Mentioned in the Bible (Exodus 1:11) as one of the treasure cities built for the pharaoh by the Hebrews, it was known to have been enlarged by the Ramesside pharaohs, especially by Ramses II (reigned 1279-13 BC), in whose reign the Exodus of the Hebrews may have taken place. The site has yielded sphinxes and statues of Ramses II and the best preserved of the trilingual stelae that commemorated Darius I the Great's completion of the Nile-Red Sea Canal. It was the capital of the eighth nome of Lower Egypt during the Late Period (747-332 BC). It was a site of pharaonic storehouses built by the Hebrews under Egyptian bondage.
death mask
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A cast of a person's face taken after death.
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: An object worn, or carried, to cover the face.

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