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bone measurement
CATEGORY: technique
DEFINITION: The measurement of bones to compare size and shape between different individuals. The dimensions of skeletal structures can be taken using a variety of calipers and other measuring equipment. Multivariate analysis is one method of comparison which helps to identify and distinguish bones by species and sex and for studying the genetics of groups of animals. Much work has been done in human skull measurement to investigate genetic relationships of ancient populations.
direct measurement
CATEGORY: measure
DEFINITION: Measurement that can be compared with a standard scale, as on a ruler or Munsell chart.
indirect measurement
CATEGORY: measure
DEFINITION: Measurement that does not involve direct comparison of a phenomenon with a standard scale but it mediated by other measures thought to be correlated with the measure.
CATEGORY: measure
DEFINITION: An observation made by reference to a standardized scale.

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