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CATEGORY: chronology; language
DEFINITION: A political period of the Assyrian empire in the Iron Age, an extension of the Middle Assyrian. It lasted from Assurnasirpal II (883-859 BC) till Sargon, Sennacherib, Esarhaddon, and finally, Assurbanipal (668-627 BC). The Assyrian empire was destroyed by the Babylonians and Medes in 612 BC. The Neo-Assyrian period was the great era of Assyrian power, and the writing culminated in the extensive records from the library of Ashurbanipal at Nineveh (c 650 BC). Neo-Assyrian is also the name of the cuneiform script of the time.
CATEGORY: chronology
DEFINITION: A political and economic period of weakness during the early 1st millennium BC which ended with the absorption of Babylonia into the Neo-Assyrian empire by 688 BC. A rebellion in the 620s evicted the Assyrians and in alliance with Medes, they destroyed the Assyrian empire in 612 BC. Persia's Cyrus invaded and occupied Babylon in 539 BC.
DEFINITION: A prefix meaning "new" or "different in form" as in 'Neolithic'. As a hyphenated prefix it is used to describe the reappearance of a culture after a period of decline e.g. neo-Babylonian neo-Hittite.

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