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Aeolic order
CATEGORY: structure
DEFINITION: An architectural order of northwestern Turkey and the island of Lesbos, with an ornate capital formed by two volutes separated by a spreading palmette. The echinus is below the volutes and is often formed by water lily leaves.
Corinthian order
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: Corinthian column, Corinthian style
CATEGORY: structure
DEFINITION: An architectural style characterized by columns with a diameter-to-height ratio of one-to-ten, and an enlarged capital (uppermost part) decorated with sculptured foliage, often acanthus leaves. It originated in Greece, was extensively used by the Romans, and is related to the Ionic order. The innovation is traditionally ascribed to Callimachus of Corinth, c 450-425 BC. The style was incorporated in the so-called 'composite' order - a combination of four-sided Ionic and Corinthian. The earliest-known Corinthian capital was inside the temple of Apollo at Bassae.
Doric order
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: doric, Doric style, Doric column
CATEGORY: structure
DEFINITION: A style of architecture used on mainland Greece and in the western Mediterranean with the plainest of capitals and a simple column with no pedestal or base and a distinctive echinus and abacus. The order was distinguished by being the earliest and simplest. The fluted columns had a diameter-to-height ratio of one-to-eight and the frieze was alternating triglyphs (triple groove) and metopes (brow). It was named after the tribe of the Dorians.
Ionic order
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: Ionic column, Ionic style, Ionic
CATEGORY: structure
DEFINITION: In architecture, one of the orders of ancient Greece and also found in cities of western Turkey and the islands of the eastern Aegean. The elegantly designed column has a capital formed by two sets of volutes, which looked like a pair of formalized ram's horns. In between the volutes is an echinus decorated with an egg-and-dart pattern. The entablature allowed for a continuous frieze, which could be decorated in relief. The diameter-to-height ratio of between one-to-eight and one-to-ten. In classical architecture, the Ionic order emerged after Doric, perhaps from about 570 BC. Unlike the Doric, the Ionic capital has four distinct sides, only two of which are intended to be conspicuous.
Spanish Borderland
CATEGORY: geography
DEFINITION: The North American Spanish colonial territories.
Tuscan order
CATEGORY: structure
DEFINITION: The simplest order of architecture, a Roman adaptation of the Doric order. The Tuscan has an unfluted shaft, a simple echinus-abacus capital, and no triglyphs. It is similar in proportion and profile to the Roman Doric but much plainer. The column is seven diameters high. This order is the most solid in appearance of all the orders.
classic order of architecture
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: order of architecture
CATEGORY: structure
DEFINITION: The Grecian Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian and the Roman Tuscan, Doric, Ionic, Corinthian, and Composite orders as defined by the particular type of column and entablature in one basic unit. A column consists of a shaft together with its base and its capital. The column supports a section of an entablature, which constitutes the upper horizontal part of a classical building and is itself composed of (from bottom to top) an architrave, frieze, and cornice. The form of the capital is the most distinguishing characteristic of a particular order. The five major orders are: Doric, Ionic, Corinthian, Tuscan, and Composite.
higher-order central place
CATEGORY: term
DEFINITION: A large and functionally diverse community in a regional hierarchy of communities differentiated by number, size, and function.
lower-order central place
CATEGORY: term
DEFINITION: A small and functionally simple community in a regional hierarchy of communities differentiated by number, size, and function.
order
CATEGORY: typology
DEFINITION: In taxonomy, the level between Class and Family.
order
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: order of architecture
CATEGORY: structure
DEFINITION: Any of several styles of classical or Neoclassical architecture that are defined by the particular type of column and entablature they use as a basic unit. A column consists of a shaft together with its base and its capital. The column supports a section of an entablature, which constitutes the upper horizontal part of a classical building and is itself composed of (from bottom to top) an architrave, frieze, and cornice. The form of the capital is the most distinguishing characteristic of a particular order. There are five major orders: Doric, Ionic, Corinthian, Tuscan, and Composite - established by Vitruvius (1st century AD).
order of blows
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: Evidence of the sequence in which flakes of stone were removed, explaining the artifact's pattern of manufacture; as each successive flake is removed from a piece of stone, its scar encroaches upon adjacent scars and obliterates portions of earlier ones
ordering
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: The arranging of artifacts in logical classes and in chronological order

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