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ethnographic parallel
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: ethnological parallel; ethnographic analogy
CATEGORY: technique
DEFINITION: A contemporary culture or behavior that, by the use of analogy and homology, is considered to be similar to another in history and therefore shed light on the latter. It is the use of both material and nonmaterial aspects of a living culture to form models to test interpretations of archaeological remains.
DEFINITION: The use of observations or knowledge of present-day people to interpret archaeological findings.
CATEGORY: technique
DEFINITION: A second, and presumed significant, occurrence of a trait under consideration, implying derivation or contact; a secondary occurrence similar enough to show resemblance.
parallel flaking
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: collateral flaking
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A secondary flaking technique that is often found on the earliest projectile points and stone tools, usually performed on the blade faces, in which the removal of flakes was performed in such a manner to remove flakes of similar size, depth, length and direction to result in flake scars which are parallel. Typically the mark of a well accomplished flint knapper. Such flake scars are found only on few specimens and can be quite aesthetically beautiful to behold.

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