(View exact match)phoneticSYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: phonographic
DEFINITION: A term describing signs that express the sounds as opposed to logographic or ideographic signs and determinatives.
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Landa, Bishop Diego de (1524-1579)CATEGORY: person
DEFINITION: Spanish Franciscan priest and bishop of Yucatán who is best known for his classic account of Mayan culture. His book "Relacion de las Cosas de Yucatan" is the primary resource for interpretation of Maya archaeology. Especially important was the calendar section recorded day and month names and rudimentary explanation of Katun. Landa was sympathetic to the Mayan people but he abhorred their human sacrifices. Landa in his religious zeal ordered all icons and Mayan books to be burned. At the same time he wrote his comprehensive work on Mayan culture his orders to destroy all icons and hieroglyphics obliterated the Mayan language forever helping to undermine and destroy the civilization he so vividly described. Yet his book which was not printed until 1864 provided a phonetic alphabet that made it possible to decipher about one-third of the Mayan hieroglyphs and many of the remainder have since been deciphered.RongorongoSYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: rongorongo
DEFINITION: The ancient script of Easter Island, carved in boustrophedon fashion on wooden boards. The script has about 120 pictographic symbols and has not been deciphered or traced to any specific outside source. It survives on 29 pieces of wood. It may be indigenous to the island and could even be of post-European inspiration (it was not recorded until the mid-19th century AD). It does not appear to be a true phonetic writing system.determinativeCATEGORY: language
DEFINITION: An indication of which category of objects or beings is in question. In hieroglyphic writing, an ideographic sign next to a word phonetically represented, for the purpose of defining its meaning.inscriptionCATEGORY: language
DEFINITION: Something that is inscribed; the act of inscribing. It is writing or any type cut into or raised upon a hard surface - clay, wood, stone, metal, etc. - and therefore endures. Inscriptions on coins, medals, seals, currency notes, etc., may be done with symbolic picture writing, abbreviations, or phonetic alphabets.polyphoneCATEGORY: language
DEFINITION: A phonetic sign that may stand for two or more different sounds, like the English 'c' or 'a'; the opposite of homophone.scriptCATEGORY: language
DEFINITION: Any writing system in its totality; a signary and the conventions which govern its use. Scripts may contain several different classes of sign - punctuation, determinative, logographic, and phonetic.signarySYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: signs
DEFINITION: The set of signs of all classes in a script, or the set of signs in one of these classes, as in phonetic signary. Signs themselves are representations which are non-figurative.