(View exact match)pikeCATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: Medieval weapon comprising a long narrow lance-like head and a shaft between 3m and 6m long.
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aclisSYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: aclyx, aclys
DEFINITION: A small javelin or harpoon, consisting of a thick short pole set with spikes. This massive weapon resembles a trident or angon.battle-axSYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: battleaxe, battle-axe
DEFINITION: A type of prehistoric stone weapon, designed as a weapon of war. It is always of the shaft-hole variety, and frequently has a hammer, knob, or point at the opposite end from the cutting edge. In stone, they are common throughout most of Europe in the Late Neolithic and Copper Age, and often associated with corded ware and beakers. (The term Battle-Ax culture is often used as a synonym for Corded Ware or Single Grave culture.) Further east, more elaborate ones of copper or gold were more ceremonial than functional. The Vikings made iron battle-axes and used them well into the Middle Ages. The pole-ax is distinguished from the battle-ax by a spike on the back of the ax.carderCATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A flat board with short spikes used to comb out the staple of wool to remove tangles before spinning. Usually used in pairs.chevaux de friseCATEGORY: structure
DEFINITION: A form of defense consisting of closely spaced stakes, spikes, or stones placed on end which served to impede or break up a cavalry charge. Chevaux de frises are sometimes found as the outer defense of hillforts in prehistoric Europe.linchpinSYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: linch pin
DEFINITION: A metal spike, sometimes enlarged or elaborated at one end, that is passed through a hole in the end of a fixed axle on a cart or chariot in order to stop the wheel falling off.maraeSYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: malae
DEFINITION: A stone temple of Eastern Polynesia, comprised of courtyards and stone platform or ahu, where ceremonies took place. The court was walled, paved, or terraced. Marae are among the important remains on Easter Island, the Hawaiian Islands (especially Heiau), and the Tuamoto, Society, Cook, Austral, and Marquesas Islands. Ancestral forms probably go back to Early Eastern Polynesian settlement, c 500 AD. Figures of the gods were kept at the marae, often in special wooden containers housed in portable shelters. Large numbers of thin, tall wooden slabs were set up on the marae; they were carved with openwork geometric designs and topped with figures of birds, human beings, or spiked projections. Marae are especially characteristic of 1200-1800 AD. The term 'marae' also refers to an open space within a village in Tonga, Samoa, or New Zealand.nailCATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A metal spike for fixing things to wood (including other pieces of wood). A small metal spike with a broadened flat head, driven into wood to join things togetherplantagoCATEGORY: flora
DEFINITION: A weed of cultivation, which appears strongly in the pollen record as a result of the clearing of previously wooded land. There are several varieties and their presence is taken by archaeologists to imply cereal cultivation. The greater plantain (Plantago major) provides seed spikes for bird food. Ribwort and hoary plantain (P. lanceolata and P. media, respectively) are troublesome weeds. Psyllium and P. ovata have been useful in medical science.speltCATEGORY: flora
DEFINITION: A primitive variety of wheat (Triticum aestivum spelta) with lax spikes and spikelets containing two light red kernels. It was apparently not cultivated on the earliest of farming sites, but appeared only in the second millennium BC. It is a hulled grain (i.e. grains and glumes do not separate during threshing), and was probably used for bread-making, porridge, and even brewing.