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CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A long hollow tube used to blow molten glass into shapes.
clay pipe
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A clay tube with a small bowl at the end used for smoking tobacco.
effigy pipe
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: Small pipes carved in one piece from stone and polished, representing birds, fish, and other animals, particularly form the Hopewell culture of the Eastern Woodlands of the United States during 300 BC-200 AD. In other areas and periods of the US, larger stone effigy pipes were carved in a variety of zoomorphic and human forms, such as the human effigy pipes of Adena Mound, Ohio.
pan pipe
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: An instrument composed of several pipes in which air is made to vibrate by blowing across the top edge.
panpipe lug
CATEGORY: ceramics
DEFINITION: A type of handle found on Neolithic pottery of the Chassey, Cortaillod, and Lagozza cultures in France, Switzerland, and northern Italy. It consisted of cylindrical vertical lugs placed side by side, thus resembling slightly the panpipe. The panpipe, a wind instrument, was widespread in Neolithic and later cultures, especially in Melanesia and pre-Columbian South America.
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A tube with a small bowl at one end, esp. used for smoking tobacco etc.
pipe clay
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: Relatively pure clay containing little or no iron which is usually fired to a white or pale cream color. In recent times it was commonly used in making tobacco pipes.
pipe stem
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: pipestem, pipe-stem
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: The hollow stem or tube of a pipe used for smoking tobacco, etc.
pipe-clay figurine
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: Small statuettes modeled or cast in fine white pipe clay.
pipe-stem dating
CATEGORY: technique
DEFINITION: A method of calculating the date of American Colonial assemblages based on the variation in hole diameters in clay pipe stems. J.C. Harrington first drew attention to the fact that there is a general reduction in hole size from 1620-1800. Lewis Binford then developed a regression equation, thus: [ y = 1931.85 - 38.26x ] where y is the mean date for the group and x is the mean pipe-stem diameter for the sample. ("A New Method of Calculating Dates from Kaolin Pipe Stem Samples" Lewis R. Binford) The formula works well for the period 1680-1760 but fails to produce satisfactory results for post-1780 assemblages.
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: Any soft stone used in the manufacture of aboriginal smoking pipes
self pipe
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A stone or clay smoking pipe in which a stem is inserted into the mouth of the smoker. It differed from stone or clay pipe bowls into which a reed or wooden stem was inserted.

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