(View exact match)rattleCATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: Any shaken instrument. Some are vessels containing pellets ( maracas ) or have external pellets ( cabaza ), some slide to and fro ( sistrum ), others clatter together ( jingles ) or whirl round cogs ( ratchet ), some swing in the breeze. T
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sistrumSYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: seistron
DEFINITION: Ancient Egyptian percussion instrument, a rattle consisting of a wood, metal, or clay frame set loosely with crossbars (often hung with jingles) that sound when the instrument is shaken. A handle is attached to the frame. It was sacred to Hathor and used in ceremonial worship of Isis and at funerals. Open-topped, U-shaped sistrums existed by 2500 BC in Sumer. They are still used in Coptic and Ethiopian churches, in western Africa, among two Native American tribes, and in Malaysia and Melanesia.