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bas-relief
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: low-relief, basso-relievo; low relief
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A low relief technique of sculpture or carved work in which the figures project less than half of their true proportions from the surface on which they are carved. The term also describes sculptures or carvings in low relief. Mezzo-relievo means projecting exactly half; alto-relievo more than half.
brick-relief
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A technique of sculpture in which subjects are put in bas-relief on a brick surface or wall.
false relief
CATEGORY: ceramics
DEFINITION: A form of excised or impressed decoration on pottery in which two rows of inward pointing triangles are cut from, or impressed on, the pot surface. The zigzag running between them then appears to be in relief, though it is actually no higher than the surface of the pot.
relief
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: raised bas-relief; relievo
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: Any sculpture in which the figures project from a supporting background or flat surface. Reliefs are classified according to the height of the figures' projection or detachment from the background. In a low relief, or bas-relief (basso-relievo), the design projects only slightly. In a high relief, or alto-relievo, the forms project at least half or more of their natural circumference from the background. Middle relief, or mezzo-relievo, falls roughly between the high and low forms. A variation of relief carving, found almost exclusively in ancient Egyptian sculpture, is sunken relief (also called incised relief), in which the carving is sunk below the level of the surrounding surface and is contained within a sharply incised contour line. Intaglio, likewise, is a sunken relief but is carved as a negative image like a mold instead of a positive (projecting) form.
relief-bank amphora
CATEGORY: ceramics
DEFINITION: A distinctive large storage jar made in the Rhineland in the 7th century, mainly at Badorf pottery centers. Each was strengthened with clay straps or bands and often used to carry Rhine wine to other countries. As a result, there are many amphorae sherds at sites in Britain, the Netherlands, and Scandinavia. The Badorf amphorae were probably made only until the 11th century, but similar forms were by then being produced in the new pottery centers at Andenne and Limburg.

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