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Mount Sandel
CATEGORY: site
DEFINITION: Mesolithic site in Londonderry, Ireland, with circular wooden hut foundations with central hearths. There was a lithic industry of microliths, tranchet axes, and polished stone axes.
Rogachev, Aleksandr Nikolaevich (1912-1984)
CATEGORY: person
DEFINITION: Soviet archaeologist who specialized in the Palaeolithic and the study of stratigraphy and remains at Kostenki-Borshchevo sites. He also excavated at Avdeevo.
Sandai
CATEGORY: culture
DEFINITION: Chinese for "three periods": the Xia Shang and Chou (Zhou) of protohistoric China.
Sandalja I
CATEGORY: site
DEFINITION: Lower Palaeolithic site in Croatia dating to the Lower Pleistocene, with chopping tool artifacts.
Sandia Cave
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: Sandia point
CATEGORY: site
DEFINITION: Type site for a tanged and unfluted projectile point in New Mexico's Sandia Mountains. This cave has yielded artifacts of the so-called Sandia Man (25 000 BC). In Pueblo mythology the Sandias were sacred marking the southern boundary of the Tiwa-speaking Indian territory. Sandia points were stratified below Folsom points but the radiocarbon dates of pre-20 000 BC are often discounted the true date probably falling in the range 12000-8000 BC overlapping with Clovis. Associated fauna of bison mammoth and mastodon suggested contemporaneity with the Llano Complex. Sandia Type I has a lanceolate blade without fluting and without concave base of Clovis/Folsom and a shoulder to one side of the base of the blade suggesting knife use. Sandia Type II has rounded base.
Sandia point
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: Sandia projectile point
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: type site for a tanged and unfluted projectile point in New Mexico's Sandia Mountains. This cave has yielded artifacts of the so-called ""Sandia Man"" (25,000 BC). In Pueblo mythology the Sandias were sacred, marking the southern boundary of the Tiwa-speaking Indian territory. Sandia points were stratified below Folsom points but the radiocarbon dates of pre-20,000 BC are often discounted, the true date probably falling in the range 12000-8000 BC, overlapping with Clovis. Associated fauna of bison, mammoth, and mastodon suggested contemporaneity with the Llano complex. Sandia type I has a lanceolate blade without fluting and without concave base of Clovis/Folsom and a shoulder to one side of the base of the blade, suggesting knife use. Sandia Type II has rounded base.
cover sand
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: coversand, blow sand
CATEGORY: geology
DEFINITION: A deposit or sediment of wind-blown sand which is formed by the carrying of sand grains from glacial outwash deposits or from the shore by wind gusts. In areas where this occurs, the deposits may wipe out evidence of previous occupation - but they may also preserve artifact associations if the deposition is thick and rapid. If it happens slowly, the archaeological material may eventually end up several kilometers from its source.
hippo sandal
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: Iron shoes worn by draft animals during Roman times for temporary protection of their hooves or to aid grip in wet conditions.
sand
CATEGORY: geology
DEFINITION: A term describing the size of sediment or soil particles, 0.06-2 mm in diameter (BS 1377). The term has no implications of color, organic content, or any property other than particle size or texture.
sand glass
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: hourglass
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A reversible device for measuring time by the transfer of sand from upper to lower glass bulb.
sandshaker
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A container for sand which was used to stop ink from spreading.
sandstone
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: Sedimentary rock consisting of sand or quartz grains cemented together, typically red, yellow, or brown in color.
sandwich glass
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: Any of various forms of glassware manufactured at Sandwich, Mass., from 1825 to c1890.
sandy loam
CATEGORY: geology
DEFINITION: Sandy sediment containing enough clay and silt to make it hold together rather than falling apart; consists of 50% sand, 30% silt, and 20% clay.

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