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bark shrine
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: mammisi, bark
CATEGORY: structure
DEFINITION: A type of small temple in the shape of a Nile boat, which their prows and sterns decorated with the aegis of a god. The cabin contained the cult image of the deity. The term also refers to a small temple, attached to the main temples of the Late and Greco-Roman periods. These were where the god of the main temple was "born" or if the main temple was dedicated to a goddess the bark shrine was where she bore her child.
shrine
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: naos, per, sanctuary
CATEGORY: structure; artifact
DEFINITION: The innermost element of a temple where the cult image or bark of the deity was placed or the elaborate boxes containing funerary statuary. It was a repository for relics; either fixed, as a tomb, or movable, as a feretory. A shrine can be a case, box, or receptacle, especially one in which sacred relics (as the bones of a saint) are deposited - or a place in which devotion is paid to a saint or deity (sanctuary). A shrine can also be a niche containing a religious image, a receptacle (as a tomb) for the dead, or a place or object worshipped in association.

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