(View exact match)Shroud of TurinSYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: Holy Shroud
DEFINITION: A sheet of twill-woven linen cloth on which appears a pale sepia-tone image of the front and back of a naked man about six feet tall, alleged to be the actual cloth in which Christ's crucified body was wrapped. The images contain markings that allegedly correspond to the stigmata of Jesus, including a thorn mark on the head, lacerations (as if from flogging) on the back, bruises on the shoulders, and various stains of what is presumed to be blood. Since emerging in 1354, it has been purported to be the burial garment of Jesus Christ; it has been preserved since 1578 in the royal chapel of the Cathedral of San Giovanni Battista in Turin, Italy.shroudCATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A sheet-like garment or covering used to wrap a corpse prior to burial.
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DEFINITION: A Middle Bronze Age burial in east Jutland, Denmark in an oak tree trunk coffin under a circular tumulus. The cremated bones of a child were also in the coffin with a woman's body, clothing, and bronze ornaments preserved by waterlogged conditions. She was wearing a woolen jacket and skirt and was covered by an ox-hide shroud; bronze bracelets and a bronze belt disc also survived. The grave also contained a birch-bark box containing an awl and a hairnet.Man-ch'engSYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: Mancheng
DEFINITION: Site in Hebei province, China, where two Early Han-dynasty tombs are cut into a rock cliff - the tombs of Liu Sheng (c 113 BC), Prince of Chung-shan, and his wife Tou Wan. Numerous grave goods, 2800 items, including jade, gold, silver, iron, glass articles; inlaid and gilded vessels, earthenware, lacquer ware, silk fabrics, and fine weapons are in the chambered tombs behind sealed doors. Both tombs were provided with large stores of food and wine and escorts of chariots and horses. The bodies of Liu Sheng and Dou Wan were dressed in shrouds made of jade plaques sewn together with gold thread, the first of some dozen jade shrouds thus recovered from Han tombs.mummificationCATEGORY: term
DEFINITION: The technique of preserving a body whereby the viscera and brain are extracted from the dried body prior to embalming it in sodium carbonate and finally wrapping it in bandages and a canvas shroud. This treatment of a cadaver, the mummy, has the aim of preserving a lifelike appearance and was used by the Egyptians since the Old Kingdom. The preservation of the body was an essential part of ancient Egyptian funerary practice, since it was to the body that the ka would return in order to find sustenance. If the body had decayed or was unrecognizable the ka would go hungry, and the afterlife be jeopardized. Mummification was therefore dedicated to the prevention of decay. In the New Kingdom, the new techniques of removal of internal organs (though in a late period they were replaced after treatment), use of effective desiccating agents, and subcutaneous padding made mummification possible on a large scale. Sacred animals and birds were also mummified. Mummification was accompanied by elaborate rituals. Among the many other peoples who practiced mummification were people living along the Torres Strait, between Papua New Guinea and Australia, and the Incas of South America. The term is also applied to bodies accidentally preserved in this way in other parts of the world, as in desert regions of Peru and Andean caves.