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African Red Slip ware
CATEGORY: ceramics
DEFINITION: A type of red gloss pottery made in North Africa from the 3rd-6th centuries AD. They had stamped decoration and were widely distributed.
red-slipped
CATEGORY: ceramics
DEFINITION: Any pottery to which a slip, a thin layer of fine clay, is applied to pottery before firing by dipping the pot into a thick liquid mixture of clay and water. Slip decorates the fabric, often chosen to bake to a color such as red, yellow, or black, and makes the pot more watertight by clogging the pores of the earthenware.
self-slip
CATEGORY: ceramics
DEFINITION: A thin slurry of clay left on the surface of a pottery vessel as a result of wetting the body during the vessel's manufacture.
slip
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: slurry
CATEGORY: ceramics
DEFINITION: A form of surface finishing applied to pottery, a mixture of clay and water applied before firing to improve the pot's smoothness and decrease porosity (it makes it more watertight by clogging the pores of the earthenware). Slip often contains the pigment which imparts, after firing, the ground color of the vessel. The slip, being clay-based, is subject to the same color variation through different firing conditions (oxidizing or reducing) as the clay itself. Hematite slips, intended to be red, occasionally fire to a shiny black finish in a reducing atmosphere. Slips may or may not be polished after drying, and all sorts of decorative techniques may be used to alter this coating. Used as a decoration, slip is applied fairly thickly to form white or tinted patterns; this technique is called slip-painted.
slipped
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: The surface finish obtained after a slip-covered vessel has been fired. When a slip is made darker than the paste of the vessel which it covers, the vessel is said to be color-coated.
slipware
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A type of pottery decorated with slip before firing. The earliest English examples were made at Wrotham in Kent in the early 17th century and some of the most decorative by Thomas Toft in Staffordshire.

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